The transition to electromobility is well underway. In fact, it is happening much faster than most people think. EV market share figures are starting to look quite nice in many markets in the developed world. The only enigma looks to be the appalling figures coming out of Japan. These very low numbers for Japan are quite shocking for a country in which most people’s commutes are actually perfect for the ranges one can get from EVs these days.
We previously looked at some of the options that African countries could explore to join the party. Following up on that, AfricaNEV, a civic advocacy group that is pushing for adoption of electric vehicles in Africa, conducted a study looking into just how much it costs to drive 100 km across 23 African countries using electric and petrol vehicles in Africa.
Just like any other industry, electric has its own icon, the Tesla Model 3! Using electricity tariffs and petrol prices in each of the 23 countries, AfricaNEV looked at the costs of “fueling” the Model 3 versus some popular fossil fueled models in each of these 23 countries. No surprises here, the Model 3 wins, and it’s not even a contest.
The study does give us some interesting insights into how these costs vary across the various countries from South, East, West and North Africa. The study reveals some very nice places to drive electric based on the current utility tariffs.
These tariffs can be as low as $0.04/kWh in Algeria, allowing one to drive a Model 3 for 100 km for just $0.65 using a consumption of 160 Wh/km. AfricaNEV used an equivalent fossil fuel vehicle to compare the costs of fueling the vehicles. To fuel a Mercedes C300 for 100 km works out to about $3.26 based on the price of petrol at the time of the study, which was $0.35 per litre.
Africa is a big continent with over 50 countries. The study gives a good indication of the electricity tariff landscape on the continent. In Nigeria, the tariffs get up to 11 cents/kWh and driving 100 km in a Model 3 would cost $1.13, compared with $3.72 in a Mercedes C300 at about $0.40 per litre of petrol, showing that driving electric is way cheaper even in oil-producing countries such as Algeria and Nigeria where petrol is very cheap.
Kenya gives a nice example of just how good driving electric can be even with higher electricity tariffs of $0.23 cents/kWh. AfricaNEV’s study shows that driving 100 km in a Model 3 in Kenya would cost $3.37 whilst the Mercedes C-Class would need about $10.16 of petrol at $1.09 per liter.
We also recently looked at why Kenya is one of the best places to drive electric —for several reasons, including a very clean grid and excess electricity generation. On the extreme end, in Chad, where the electricity tariff is a whopping $0.33/kWh, it would still be cheaper to drive electric, with 100 km costing just over $5 compared to $8.17 at 88 cents per liter of petrol for the Mercedes C300.
AfricaNEV’s study is covering the period around November 2019, but it is still very much representative of the standard market conditions in these African countries. A study is underway to look at the impact of the Covid-19 induced oil glut.
A lot of people would think, “okay, great, driving electric is way cheaper, but what about all the power outages we hear about in Nigeria and other African countries?” Brendan Wright and family showed us that it’s not as hard as we think it is. The Wright family has been driving electric for almost 3 years now in Zimbabwe despite daily 18 hour power outages.
The cost of solar panels has gone down significantly over recent years, as illustrated by Swanson’s Law. This reduction in the cost of solar panels has led to a massive boom in solar installations worldwide. The synergistic effects of distributed solar systems and EVs will propel both industries across the continent.
One of CleanTechnica’s writers, Maarten Vinkhuyzen, even suggested to us that EVs should be sold with a solar kit bundled into the package. That makes a lot of sense for a lot of these African countries that have regular power outages, such as Zimbabwe. Even South Africa has been experiencing some regular power rationing cycles as the utility company struggles to meet demand. Nothing beats having your own “Fuel Station” at home.
- The EV Revolution Is Happening Faster Than Expected
- How Can Africa Join The EV Revolution? (Video)
- Drivelectric Kenya Shows Why You Should Be Driving An Electric Vehicle in Kenya!
- Zimbabwe Family Shows That Even With 18-Hour Daily Grid Outages, Most People Could Live Comfortably With An EV
- Cost Of Solar 2 To 100 Times Lower Than You Think
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