Published on June 25th, 2020 | by Remeredzai Joseph Kuhudzai0
Importance Of Accelerating EV Adoption To Reduce CO2 Emissions, Using Kenya As An Example (Part 2)
June 25th, 2020 by Remeredzai Joseph Kuhudzai
We continue our series on the importance of accelerating EV adoption to reduce CO2 emissions. In part 1, we showed that by gradually increasing the penetration of electric cars every year, EV adoption will displace a significant amount of CO2 emissions in Kenya.
This time we take a look at the impact of motorcycles. Motorcycle registrations started to grow significantly in Kenya in 2007. 16,293 motorcycles were registered in 2007, and 140,215 motorcycles were registered in 2011. Registrations started to show strong growth again from 2017 with 186,434 motorcycles registered in that year.
A record 210,103 motorcycles were registered in 2019, bringing the total number of registered motorcycles since 1968 to over 1.6 million. This number is expected to keep growing exponentially as demand soars due to the growth of the on-demand delivery market as well as the motorcycle taxi industry.
A 2015 study by the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC, now called the Energy and Petroleum Regulatory Authority, or EPRA) on the “Global Fuel Economy Initiative Study in Kenya (GFEI)” cites that emissions from motorcycles of less than 150 cc are about 46.5 g/km of CO2.
Madara Ogot, et al., carried out a survey across the major cities and found that the average annual distance covered by motorcycles is around 17,800. A 2018 paper by Fiona Raje, et al., cites that 39% of CO2 emissions in Kenya are from the transport sector.
|Average annual vehicle kilometers traveled by motorcycles in Kenya
|CO2 Emissions at 45.6 g/km||0.81 tonnes of CO2 per year per motorbike|
|Local CO2 emissions saved if 50% of annual motorbike sales were electric (105,052 motorcycles)||85,092 tonnes of CO2 emissions saved annually|
From the table above, it is clear to see that by gradually increasing the penetration of electric motorcycles in Kenya, significant savings in CO2 emissions can be achieved. This can be achieved by incentivizing purchases of new electric motorbikes, as well as accelerating the conversion of old motorcycles to electric. There is a growing nucleus of startups converting old motorcycles to electric in Kenya and East Africa.
Kenya’s grid is already powered by a generation mix that is 93% renewable, thanks to significant contributions from geothermal, hydropower, wind, and some utility-scale solar plants. And since 39% of CO2 emissions in Kenya are from the transport sector, the transition to electromobility is sure to be the best route to reducing these emissions.
- Importance of Accelerating EV Adoption To Reduce CO2 Emissions, Using Kenya As An Example
- EV Conversions Go Mainstream in Kenya
- Strong E-Mobility Focus At The Recent Lake Basin Region Innovation & Investment Week In Kisumups