The California 2018 ZEV Action Plan contains some striking figures, like the fact that over 410,000 ZEVs have been sold in California, and 150,000 since October 2016. Another is that more than twice as many zero-emission vehicles (ZEV) models are available in California now compared to October 2016. Tyson Eckerle, Deputy Director for ZEV Infrastructure, answered some questions about ZEVs in California for CleanTechnica, including about the fast chargers.
Governor Brown signed an Executive Order to support 1.5 million zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) on California roads by 2025, on the path to 5 million ZEVs by 2030. With the new governor, are those targets still active and valid?
What is the roadmap to reach each one?
Success hinges on actions from all parties: industry investment, state incentives and strong regulatory frameworks, consumer awareness, workforce development, local initiatives, etc. At the state, our role is to work with all stakeholders to create conditions for market success.
Is the target to install 250,000 EV chargers still valid?
The target is still valid. It reflects modeling done by the California Energy Commission and National Renewable Energy Lab. We will continue to learn as the market develops, and make adjustments as necessary.
How many will be slow chargers and how many will be fast?
EO B 48-18 targets 10,000 fast chargers by 2025. These are a subset of the 250,000 goal.
How many EV chargers are there in CA currently?
We currently have 17,875 public chargers (at 4,800 stations). This number includes DC Fast chargers (2,602 chargers at 639 stations), and Level 2 chargers (15,273 chargers at 4,394 stations).
The numbers above are only public stations. The 250,000 target includes shared, private chargers at workplaces and MUDs. This private station data is not readily available, however, we know it measures in the 10’s of thousands.
Why is it important to get more ZEVs on the roads, and are ZEVs all electric vehicles only?
California’s transportation sector accounts for 50% of our GHG emissions, in addition to creating a significant share of criteria pollutants. Only ZEVs have the ability to eliminate all pollution, starting with the tailpipe and moving upstream to production and distribution. ZEVs include battery electric vehicles (BEVs), hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs), and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs).
Is the state of CA working with ZEV manufacturers to get more on the roads, with tax credits or other incentives like rebates?
The state has a suite of policies dedicated to getting more ZEVs on the road. Our Consumer Vehicle Rebate Project gives rebates to qualified customers, manufactures have benefited from tax incentives in two robust programs: GO-Biz’s California Competes tax credit program and the California Alternative Energy and Advanced Transportation Financing Authority (CAETFA) program run by the Treasurer’s Office. Additionally, the California Energy Commission, Air Resources Board, and Utilities (overseen by the Public Utilities Commission and Energy Commission) are investing in market enabling ZEV infrastructure (both plug-in chargers and hydrogen fueling stations).
Will the state of CA support group buy programs with discounts for new vehicle buyers?
Our Department of General Services recently made it possible to state and local government employees to purchase select ZEVs at the state contract price (previously, the contract prices could only be accessed by government entities). This comes in addition the rebates offered through the statewide Consumer Vehicle Rebate Project and the Enhanced Fleet Modernization Program currently available in the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District and South Coast Air Quality Management District Jurisdictions.
How many ZEVs are on California roads right now?
We just passed 500,000 ZEVs sold in California. I typically refer to Veloz.org for the specific count, but the website is down at the moment.
If the state of CA can have 5 million ZEVs on the roads by 2030, are there any estimates for how much air quality might improve?
We don’t have estimates that single out ZEVs from the broader Advanced Clean Cars rules. The closest estimate we have is in the 2016 Mobile Source Strategy done by ARB. In the report, ARB estimates that Advanced Clean Cars 2, which includes 4.2M ZEVs and cleaner tailpipe measures, would result in 2 tons/day statewide NOx reductions.