In the recently published paper Safety First for Automated Driving, Intel and ten other auto industry leaders outline the first comprehensive set of rules for developing, testing, and validating autonomous driving. The paper builds on Intel’s Responsibility-Sensitive Safety (RSS) model for safe autonomous vehicle (AV) decision-making, taking it a few steps further and establishing a framework for safety standards.
In the abstract, the authors state: “This publication summarizes widely known safety by design and verification and validation (V&V) methods of SAE L3 and L4 automated driving.” By collecting together fragmented research, methodology, and concepts, the paper sets out to create “a comprehensive approach to safety relevant topics of automated driving” and “to contribute to current activities working towards the industry-wide standardization of automated driving.”
The publication creates a framework of 12 guiding principles and outlines the steps to realize them. The principles are: safe operation, operational design domain, vehicle operator-initiated handover, security, user responsibility, vehicle-initiated handover, interdependency between the vehicle operator and the automated system, safety assessment, data recording, passive safety, behavior in traffic, and safe layer. Together with Intel, the paper’s contributors include: Aptiv, Audi, Baidu, BMW, Continental, Daimler, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, Here Technologies, Infineon, and Volkswagen.
This publication marks a big step in the realm of automated driving. While various methodologies and rules have been conceptualized with regards to autonomous driving, the standardization and regulation of autonomous vehicle safety has been lagging behind. Currently in the United States, self-driving legislation is often determined by the cities themselves, and from state-to-state the regulations can vary dramatically. At a federal level, the US Department of Transportation has developed its own set of safety principles, but there has been no major safety standardization within the auto industry until now.
Credit: Intel’s RSS Model
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