By Nicola Tagliafierro, Head of Sustainable Product Development at Enel X*
Used smartphones, laptops and tablets are piling up and creating the “world’s fastest-growing trash stream.” The United Nations estimates the world will surpass 57 million tons of electronic waste in the next couple of years These record-breaking e-waste levels represent both a challenge to move beyond the status quo and a potential resource opportunity.
Momentum has been building for more closed loop systems and circular economy business models in an effort to foster sustainable economic growth. Minimizing the negative externalities of waste by designing technological products for reuse is the essence of creating a circular economy, where economic activity is decoupled from the consumption of finite resources. Last year, the European Union introduced its “Circular Economy Package,” following its 2015 Action Plan; this March the EU will host the Circular Economy Stakeholder meet to develop a framework for their strategy.
Enel X, the latest Enel group division, was created to lead the energy market transformation and support customers in the current transition to a lower carbon system, including circular economy solutions. The opportunity for sustainable innovation is clear. For Enel X, following an eco-design approach means working on the modularity, longevity, reparability and recyclability of our products and services offered. We aim to evolve consumption models based on sharing and the “product as a service” frameworks.
Applying the Circular Economy: Enel X Scoring Methodology
Enel X has developed its own methodology to measure the circularity of its products. This methodology is structured by the internationally recognized circular economy business model attributes, which include sustainable inputs, reusability, recycling, the product as a service framework, a shared platform, and life extension. These key dimensions are embedded in our solutions and include:
- Moving suppliers towards the principles of the circular economy in the creation of a specific product or service;
- Promoting models that facilitate circular consumption behaviors, incentivizing the full use and reuse of goods;
- Benchmarking product lifecycle best practices from the use of resources through the installation, maintenance and end-of-life phases;
- Encouraging and supporting environmental awareness across our value chain, by engaging suppliers and customers in sustainability best practices to improve the performance and environmental impact across markets.
The scope of the scoring exercise is to understand the starting point and then, on this basis, to identify the actions needed to improve it. In the case of our Pole Station 3G in Europe, the methodology results in a score of 3 out of 5. Here is a detailed breakdown:
However, we don’t plan to stop there. Our next goal is to reach a CE score of 4 with the next generation of the JuicePole, by utilizing a modular design and more materials that can be disassembled and reused, like electronic components and recycled cases. Moreover, Enel X is strongly committed to the Protection of the Oceans participating to Plastic Leak Project, which will develop robust metrics to locate, measure and map plastic and microplastic pollution across the value chain of the electric infrastructure and define effective actions to fix the problem of plastic leakage into the environment.
Electric vehicles are simply more efficient. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, “EVs convert about 59–62% of the electrical energy from the grid to power at the wheels, while conventional ICE vehicles only convert about 17–21% of the energy stored in gasoline to power at the wheels.
Furthermore, there is a dual decarbonization trend taking place across the world to increase zero-emission transportation and renewable energy systems. The convergence of these two market trends will transform forever the management of the electricity system and smart charging (grid-connected charging), can provide a range of grid services to cost-effectively balance supply and demand. We offer a complete line of interoperable EV charging products that use smart grid algorithms and cloud-computing, which help grid operators and utilities balance the grid.
Enel X is committed to using 100% renewables for the public charging, and guaranteeing total support towards the transition to sustainable inputs.
In the U.S., eMotorWerks, an Enel X company, is optimizing EV charging to use the cleanest possible electricity using its JuiceNet Green platform. According to Union of Concerned Scientists, “For all Americans, charging the average new EV produces far fewer global warming pollutants than driving the average new gasoline car. In some of the country’s cleanest regions (including parts of California, New York, and the Pacific Northwest), driving an electric car is equivalent to getting 85 miles per gallon.”
Sharing and Product as a Service
Similarly, in North America, JuiceNet Charging As a Service (JaaS) was introduced to help consumers seamlessly transition to operating an EV with less initial capital expense.
It is not only a matter of the sustainable input used but also the business model behind public charging infrastructures. The Enel X recharge network is embedded with interoperability and a native sharing platform, in order to create an accessible EV ecosystem. We believe in interoperability and open access to public charging infrastructure. Specifically, every mobility service provider can sell charging services from the same infrastructure, thanks to an interoperability agreement in the EU and Enel X’s native sharing platform.
Why Electric Mobility is a Clear Circular Solution
Electric mobility is a circular solution by definition. Decarbonization trends, including the transportation sector, coupled with expected urbanization ones and the increasingly cheaper prices of renewables will modify the global energy mix towards in the years to come, with electricity predicted to become the most promising energy vector to rely upon. And as mobility-related needs account for one-third of energy consumption, electrification will represent a strategic gateway to the circular economy.
Enel X is already working to support this transition. Indeed, the company is progressing rapidly in creating a massive infrastructure presence on a global level. This includes, for example, plans for 28,000 new public charging points for electric cars in Italy, 8,500 in Spain and 2,300 in Romania. Jointly with the development in the private space, the company expects a tenfold increase of its current footprint (450,000 by 2021). Currently, Enel X holds 49,000 charging points, of which 5,500 are public.
As we plan for a future of renewable systems in energy and transportation, Enel X is dedicated to designing products and services that benefit the lives of all in a responsible, closed loop economy.
For more information on Enel X’s circular economy approach, please send an email their team.
This article was sponsored by Enel; all graphic copyright Kamil Grzywacz/Leonart Agency for Enel X and CleanTechnica