Connect with us

Hi, what are you looking for?


Fossil Fuels

Radioactive Water From Fracking Found In Pennsylvania Streams (Duke University Research)

A number of important Pennsylvanian streams — many of which feed into the water supplies of large cities in the state — have become significantly contaminated with radioactive water from fracking operations, new research from Duke University has found.

Radium levels 200 times higher than normal were measured in water downstream of the Josephine Brine Treatment Facility — a facility that processes wastewater from natural gas fracking operations in the state. As well as the extremely high levels of radioactive radium, the tested water contained high levels of bromide — a chemical that when exposed to commonly used water-treatment chemicals creates cancer-causing compounds.

The scientists tested wastewater released by the Josephine Water Treatment plant (black square) into Blacklick Creek, which feeds into the Allegheny River, a drinking water source for Pittsburgh. Image Credit: Environmental Science and Technology/Warner et. al.

The scientists tested wastewater released by the Josephine Water Treatment plant (black square) into Blacklick Creek, which feeds into the Allegheny River, a drinking water source for Pittsburgh.
Image Credit: Environmental Science and Technology/Warner et. al.

The Smithsonian provides more:

Between 10 and 40 percent of fluid sent down during fracking resurfaces, carrying contaminants with it. Some of these contaminants may be present in the fracking water to begin with. But others are leached into the fracking water from groundwater trapped in the rock it fractures. Radium, naturally present in the shales that house natural gas, falls into the latter category—as the shale is shattered to extract the gas, groundwater trapped within the shale, rich in concentrations of the radioactive element, is freed and infiltrates the fracking wastewater.

Other states require this wastewater to be pumped back down into underground deposit wells sandwiched between impermeable layers of rock, but because Pennsylvania has few of these cavities, it is the sole state that allows fracking wastewater to be processed by normal wastewater treatment plants and released into rivers. These plants, many scientists note, are not designed to handle the radioactive elements present in the wastewater. Neither are they required to test their effluent for radioactive elements. As a result, many researchers have suspected that the barely-studied water they release into local streams retains significant levels of radioactivity.

“Even if, today, you completely stopped disposal of the wastewater,” states Avner Vengosh, a researcher at Duke, “there’s enough contamination built up that you’d still end up with a place that the US would consider a radioactive waste site.”

“If people don’t live in those places, it’s not an immediate threat in terms of radioactivity,” he continues. “However, there’s the danger of slow bio-accumulation of the radium. It will eventually end up in fish and that is a biological danger.”

So to sum everything that we know about fracking up into one easy to understand equation: fracking = radioactive water, flammable water, earthquakes, methane emissions, water shortages, and the impending implosion of an economic bubble.

A final note — for those that may be wondering how/why exactly this is happening — it’s important to remember that shale gas production (fracking) is currently exempt from the Clean Water Act….

The new findings were just published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology.

Appreciate CleanTechnica’s originality? Consider becoming a CleanTechnica member, supporter, or ambassador — or a patron on Patreon.
Have a tip for CleanTechnica, want to advertise, or want to suggest a guest for our CleanTech Talk podcast? Contact us here.

New Podcast: How NVIDIA Is Bringing Autonomy To Automakers

Written By

James Ayre's background is predominantly in geopolitics and history, but he has an obsessive interest in pretty much everything. After an early life spent in the Imperial Free City of Dortmund, James followed the river Ruhr to Cofbuokheim, where he attended the University of Astnide. And where he also briefly considered entering the coal mining business. He currently writes for a living, on a broad variety of subjects, ranging from science, to politics, to military history, to renewable energy.


#1 most loved electric vehicle, solar energy, and battery news & analysis site in the world.


Support our work today!


Power CleanTechnica: $3/Month

Tesla News Solar News EV News Data Reports


EV Sales Charts, Graphs, & Stats


Our Electric Car Driver Report

30 Electric Car Benefits

Tesla Model 3 Video

Renewable Energy 101 In Depth

solar power facts

Tesla News

EV Reviews

Home Efficiency

You May Also Like

Autonomous Vehicles

Joe Biden will be the next president of the United States of America, and Kamala Harris will break through many barriers to become the...

Clean Power

Republicans want to scare Pennsylvania voters into casting their ballots in favor of fossil fuel industry jobs. Mark Jacobson of Stanford says renewable energy...

Fossil Fuels

The Newsom Administration issued six more fracking permits to Aera Energy late on Friday afternoon at a time of great risk to the environment...

Air Quality

I just watched most of the US vice presidential debate. There were several gigantic lies that Vice President Mike Pence pushed out, sometimes repeatedly,...

Copyright © 2021 CleanTechnica. The content produced by this site is for entertainment purposes only. Opinions and comments published on this site may not be sanctioned by and do not necessarily represent the views of CleanTechnica, its owners, sponsors, affiliates, or subsidiaries.