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Published on August 13th, 2010 | by Mridul Chadha


Study: Wind Energy Could Fulfill 24% of India's Power Demand by 2030

August 13th, 2010 by  

A recent study has noted that with the right and sustained incentives to the wind energy sector, it can generate as much as 24 percent of India’s total power demand by 2030.


The study conducted by the Global Wind Energy Council and the Indian Wind Turbine Manufacturers Association found that India needs a national level revolution in the wind energy sector similar to the National Solar Mission which aims at installing 20,000 MW of solar energy power plants by 2022.

While wind energy is the most popular renewable energy resource in India and, at 12,010 MW, comprises of nearly 70 percent of the total renewable energy generation capacity installed in India. As far as installed capacity is concerned India is the fifth largest wind energy market however, there is a huge gap in the installed capacity and the actual generation.

Technology Improvement

One significant advantage that India enjoys is the presence of the world’s third largest wind turbine manufacturer, Suzlon. Suzlon grabbed about 10 percent of global wind energy market share when it acquired RePower in 2007. This acquisition allowed Suzlon to provide complete end-to-end integrated wind energy solutions. The Indian wind energy major has now mastered the process of manufacturing, designing, installation, power evacuation and maintenance of the wind farm according to the customers needs. This has considerably streamlined the process of wind farm installation especially for the private players.

However, the gap between installed capacity and actual generation remains a serious concern. For this purpose, consistent investment in research and development needs to be made. Suzlon can lead the way here as well. With RePower’s acquisition it has acquired access to the cutting-edge European wind energy technology. Hopefully, Suzlon and other companies can bring much-needed improvements in wind turbine designs and generation systems to bridge the gap between installed capacity and actual generation.

Tapping Resources

India is yet to assess the offshore wind energy potential as previous studies completely ignored that aspect. Additionally, the current government data is not adequate as it does not measure the true wind energy resource available. With the improvement in technology and increase in the hub height of the wind turbine it has become possible to generate more electricity than thought earlier. India must utilize the vast untapped wind energy resource it is blessed with.

Competitive Tariffs

Tariffs for power generated from wind farm is the most competitive to coal-generated power among all renewable energy sources. Government-backed policies, availability of efficient technology and financial aid through Clean Development Mechanism have made the tariff rates cheaper. The government has also given right to the independent power producers to sell the power generated to power exchanges or through individual power purchase agreements which fetch them higher tariffs rates. Similar, economic and financial incentives need to be offered to investors in order to sustain the growth in the sector.

An impressive 200 MW capacity was added from April to June this year. This growth is a testament to the favorable investment environment for the wind energy sector in India. However, vast pockets of resources remain untapped, specifically, along the coastline. For further and sustained growth it is important that the government helps the private sector by, providing incentives in terms of attractive tariffs, setting up research and development facilities necessary for developing low-cost but high efficiency wind turbines and developing new sites for wind energy exploitation.

Hat tip: iGovernment

Photo credit: nateOne at Flickr (Creative Commons)

The views presented in the above article are author’s personal views and do not represent those of TERI/TERI University where the author is currently pursuing a Master’s degree.

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About the Author

currently works as Head-News & Data at Climate Connect Limited, a market research and analytics firm in the renewable energy and carbon markets domain. He earned his Master’s in Technology degree from The Energy & Resources Institute in Renewable Energy Engineering and Management. He also has a bachelor’s degree in Environmental Engineering. Mridul has a keen interest in renewable energy sector in India and emerging carbon markets like China and Australia.

  • Rahul

    Hi Mridul,

    Its true that wind is taking place a pivotol role in Indian Renewable Energy space along with Solar to follow in future.There is a clear move by the regulatory authorities to promote renewable projects and the market is poised at an intresting stage.

    As you rightly mentioned there’s a lot to be done on Technology side to effeciently use the potential.

    Can you help with the study report that you referred to in the article. Will be good to look at the study in detail.

    • Mridul Chadha

      Surely, I would love to help in any way I can.

  • sanjay

    what is govt doing in india for promotion of wind mills. go ana ask the wind mill land developers. villagge people and local govt bodies are creating hell of problem for wind mill erectors.

  • India has much lesser land than China or US for installing WTGs, to make land use more efficient, the govt. should place a policy restriction that Wind farm owners do not sit on useful land, but come up with projects in stipulated time.

    India must also encourage Offshore WTG installations by policy.

  • Hi Mridul,

    You are right on when you say that India needs to do investment in research and development in Wind Energy.

    India today has more than 15 manufacturers of WTGs, most of them have a technology license from Europe and do not own the technology. This includes some big names in Manufacturing industry. Still India has 1/10th the installation of China in 2009.

    R&D in Wind is an expensive thing to do. Govt of India should extend the duty benefits that the WTG manufacturers have to the R&D companies.

    There should be a separate registration for wind R&D companies at C-WET, the nodal agency, so that they get technical information about wind resources etc.

    Suzlon can take India into the offshore WTGs, which will be a boon.

  • Hi Mridul,

    I have been reading your post from long time..i am really impressed to read it.

    Awareness about wind energy is needed today in India…


    Himanshu Sharma

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