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Clean Power Top 10 countries according to installed wind power capacity per GDP

Published on April 11th, 2011 | by Zachary Shahan


Installed Wind Power Capacity per GDP

Top 10 countries according to installed wind power capacity per GDP

10 countries with most installed wind power capacity per GDP. The blue line indicates total installed wind power capacity (2010), the red line indicates GDP (in billions, USD), and the yellow line indicates MW of installed wind power per $1 billion GDP. (click to enlarge)

This is part of a living draft resource page on all things wind — installed capacity, future expectations, wind turbine technologies, etc. If you’re interested in helping out with this project, drop a comment below or email

We make a big deal of how much total wind power capacity is installed in different countries, but perhaps a better way to look at wind power capacity is compared to GDP. At the least, it is quite an interesting way to look at this. To supplement all the information we shared last week on total installed wind power capacity and wind power growth over the last 15 years, here’s something to chew on.

(Note that geography and wind resources make a huge difference in a country’s wind power potential as well, but as of yet, we are not aware of any standardized way of comparing countries based on their wind resources. Still, if you think about countries like the Netherlands or Japan, which are very small but quite rich, a figure like installed wind power capacity per GDP is maybe not the best way to evaluate their commitment to wind power.)

Installed Wind Power Capacity per GDP (by Country)

Evaluating with the 40 countries with the most installed wind power and using data from the International Monetary Fund via Wikipedia on GDP derived from purchasing power parity calculations from October 2010, below are the top 33 countries for installed wind power capacity per GDP (numbers are in MW/$1 Billion GDP).

What stands out? While countries like Germany and Spain that are leaders in total wind power capacity still stay near the top, some global economic leaders fall quite a bit (i.e. China, the US, India, France, Canada) while a number of smaller countries, especially in Europe, surge to the top (i.e. Denmark, Portugal, Ireland, Sweden, New Zealand, Bulgaria, Greece, the Netherlands). I was also impressed by the amount of wind per GDP Costa Rica is tapping.

These figures and more can be viewed in spreadsheet form here.

18,468.3 — Denmark
15,854.6 — Portugal
15,152.8 — Spain
9,281.6 — Germany
8,225.1 — Ireland
6,139.2 — Sweden
4,435.9 — China
4,224.0 — New Zealand
4,131.6 — Bulgaria
3,745.1 — Greece
3,305.7 — Netherlands
3,273.0 — Italy
3,265.3 — India
3,059.0 — Austria
3,014.0 — Canada
2,748.9 — USA
2,637.1 — France
2,405.6 — Costa Rica
2,386.0 — UK
2,318.9 — Belgium
2,142.0 — Australia
1,873.9 — Morocco
1,832.1 — Romania
1,726.0 — Norway
1,565.8 — Hungary
1,542.8 — Poland
1,389.3 — Turkey
1,139.5 — Tunisia
1,104.0 — Egypt
1,064.8 — Finland
825.1 — Czech Republic
667.8 — Chile
640.4 — Taiwan
534.7 — Japan
426.7 — Brazil
334.9 — Mexico
260.1 — South Korea
110.7 — Iran
94.9 — Argentina
94.2 — Philippines


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About the Author

is the director of CleanTechnica, the most popular cleantech-focused website in the world, and Planetsave, a world-leading green and science news site. He has been covering green news of various sorts since 2008, and he has been especially focused on solar energy, electric vehicles, and wind energy for the past four years or so. Aside from his work on CleanTechnica and Planetsave, he's the Network Manager for their parent organization – Important Media – and he's the Owner/Founder of Solar Love, EV Obsession, and Bikocity. To connect with Zach on some of your favorite social networks, go to and click on the relevant buttons.

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