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Published on April 11th, 2011 | by Zachary Shahan


Installed Wind Power Capacity per GDP

April 11th, 2011 by  

Top 10 countries according to installed wind power capacity per GDP

10 countries with most installed wind power capacity per GDP. The blue line indicates total installed wind power capacity (2010), the red line indicates GDP (in billions, USD), and the yellow line indicates MW of installed wind power per $1 billion GDP. (click to enlarge)

This is part of a living draft resource page on all things wind — installed capacity, future expectations, wind turbine technologies, etc. If you’re interested in helping out with this project, drop a comment below or email cleantechnica@importantmedia.org.

We make a big deal of how much total wind power capacity is installed in different countries, but perhaps a better way to look at wind power capacity is compared to GDP. At the least, it is quite an interesting way to look at this. To supplement all the information we shared last week on total installed wind power capacity and wind power growth over the last 15 years, here’s something to chew on.

(Note that geography and wind resources make a huge difference in a country’s wind power potential as well, but as of yet, we are not aware of any standardized way of comparing countries based on their wind resources. Still, if you think about countries like the Netherlands or Japan, which are very small but quite rich, a figure like installed wind power capacity per GDP is maybe not the best way to evaluate their commitment to wind power.)

Installed Wind Power Capacity per GDP (by Country)

Evaluating with the 40 countries with the most installed wind power and using data from the International Monetary Fund via Wikipedia on GDP derived from purchasing power parity calculations from October 2010, below are the top 33 countries for installed wind power capacity per GDP (numbers are in MW/$1 Billion GDP).

What stands out? While countries like Germany and Spain that are leaders in total wind power capacity still stay near the top, some global economic leaders fall quite a bit (i.e. China, the US, India, France, Canada) while a number of smaller countries, especially in Europe, surge to the top (i.e. Denmark, Portugal, Ireland, Sweden, New Zealand, Bulgaria, Greece, the Netherlands). I was also impressed by the amount of wind per GDP Costa Rica is tapping.

These figures and more can be viewed in spreadsheet form here.

18,468.3 — Denmark
15,854.6 — Portugal
15,152.8 — Spain
9,281.6 — Germany
8,225.1 — Ireland
6,139.2 — Sweden
4,435.9 — China
4,224.0 — New Zealand
4,131.6 — Bulgaria
3,745.1 — Greece
3,305.7 — Netherlands
3,273.0 — Italy
3,265.3 — India
3,059.0 — Austria
3,014.0 — Canada
2,748.9 — USA
2,637.1 — France
2,405.6 — Costa Rica
2,386.0 — UK
2,318.9 — Belgium
2,142.0 — Australia
1,873.9 — Morocco
1,832.1 — Romania
1,726.0 — Norway
1,565.8 — Hungary
1,542.8 — Poland
1,389.3 — Turkey
1,139.5 — Tunisia
1,104.0 — Egypt
1,064.8 — Finland
825.1 — Czech Republic
667.8 — Chile
640.4 — Taiwan
534.7 — Japan
426.7 — Brazil
334.9 — Mexico
260.1 — South Korea
110.7 — Iran
94.9 — Argentina
94.2 — Philippines


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About the Author

is tryin' to help society help itself one word at a time. He spends most of his time here on CleanTechnica as its director, chief editor, and CEO. Zach is recognized globally as an electric vehicle, solar energy, and energy storage expert. He has presented about cleantech at conferences in India, the UAE, Ukraine, Poland, Germany, the Netherlands, the USA, Canada, and Curaçao. Zach has long-term investments in Tesla [TSLA] — after years of covering solar and EVs, he simply has a lot of faith in this company and feels like it is a good cleantech company to invest in. But he does not offer (explicitly or implicitly) investment advice of any sort on Tesla or any other company.

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