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Published on July 11th, 2013 | by Mridul Chadha

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India May Impose Anti-dumping Duties on Solar Modules From US, China, Taiwan, Malaysia

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July 11th, 2013 by  

Various ministries of the Indian government are considering to impose anti-dumping duties on solar photovoltaic modules imported from the US, China, Malaysia, and Taiwan. The Commerce Ministry has undertaken a preliminary inquiry into the impact of large-scale import of solar modules on the domestic manufacturers.

India May Impose Anti-dumping Duties on Solar Modules From US, China, Taiwan, Malaysia

Credit: Solar panels via Waynenf | CC by 2.0

The Indian solar module manufacturers have been lobbying for anti-dumping duties on imported equipment for several months now. Some of the major manufacturers like Moser Baer, Indosolar, and Lanco Solar have been hit hard by the surge of imported solar power equipment in the country. Some of these companies have been forced to shut down manufacturing while other are facing losses worth millions of dollars.

To protect the domestic manufacturers the Indian government had proposed to increase restrictions on the use of imported equipment in the second phase of the ambitious National Solar Mission which aims to add thousands of megawatts of solar power capacity.

Following this proposal, the US filed a request with the World Trade Organisation (WTO) to intervene and protect the interests of the American manufacturers. According to some estimates, US-based First Solar commands a share of 20-30% of the Indian solar photovoltaic (PV) installed capacity. First Solar and other American manufacturers have been able to grab a substantial share in the Indian solar PV market as US Export-Import Bank has been among the largest debt financier for solar power projects under the national-level as well as state-level solar power policies.

The Indian government subsequently challenged the American request at WTO but was unsuccessful. US-based industry group Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) has also urged the Indian government to remove restrictions on imported solar power equipment.

The only possible solution to this issue seems to be bilateral talks between the US and India, on the line of the EU-China talks. Low-cost funding from development banks like the US Export-Import Bank has been the principal reason for the massive decline in cost of solar power generation in India. Thus, it would be unwise for the Indian government to close the doors to the American manufacturers.

Taiwan and Malaysia may have smaller share in the Indian solar power market, but China is a major trade partner to India. Imposing anti-dumping duties on Chinese solar products may lead to reciprocatory duties on other Indian products, as has been the case in the EU-Chinese trade war. Some Chinese manufacturers are, however, working to circumvent the domestic requirement clause and are planning to set up manufacturing facilities in India.

India is among the leading emerging solar power markets. The solar power generation cost in the country has fallen by around 70% over the last four to five years and the low cost funding (which is often tied with the obligation to use imported modules) from foreign banks has been a major reason for this. Thus, the Indian government must look for a middle path so as to help its domestic manufacturing industry as well as ensure low-cost funding sources to the developers.

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About the Author

currently works as Head-News & Data at Climate Connect Limited, a market research and analytics firm in the renewable energy and carbon markets domain. He earned his Master’s in Technology degree from The Energy & Resources Institute in Renewable Energy Engineering and Management. He also has a bachelor’s degree in Environmental Engineering. Mridul has a keen interest in renewable energy sector in India and emerging carbon markets like China and Australia.



  • fatemeh

    I’m Fatima. I am a law student in Iran., I need some information about laws related to dumping it in India. Can you help me?
    My article about dumping in Iran and India. Thank you

  • DillWeed7

    I like how the article points out that it is the banks, particularly, the US set up Import/Export bank.

    It goes to show how a country’s capacity to produce solar, wind, etc can be blunted, against even it’s own interests by international bankers.

    This is another aspect of the problem Bill Still points out in his You Tube post #85, an interview with Israeli TV and his movie The Money Masters.

  • JamesWimberley

    In Europe and the US the protectionist lobbying by solar manufacturers has been balanced to some extent by the many installers who benefit from cheaper imported modules. Is there any similar movement in India?

    Brazil, which has similarly protectionist instincts, seems to have found a compromise, helped by strategic loss-leading investments by foreign manufacturers in football stadium roofs.

    • http://twitter.com/mridul Mridul Chadha

      The Indian manufacturers’ lobby is not very strong when compared to other sectors like IT or petroleum as a result they have no option but to shutdown or cut production.

      The international manufacturers, especially those from the US and China, have succeeded because development banks of these countries have provided loans (at 3-4%) compared to Indian lenders (which provide finance at 12-13%).

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