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Wind Energy 320207

Published on January 27th, 2009 | by Ariel Schwartz

60

The Impossible Wind Turbine Design That Just Might Work

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January 27th, 2009 by
 
 

Adam Fuller has dedicated his life— and his life savings— to disproving the wind industry’s claim that vertical turbines are ineffective. Last week, I had a chance to talk to the Racine, Wisconsin inventor about his 12 foot diameter, 36 foot tall patent-pending wind turbine.

Fuller’s design consists of 8 turbines that each have 4 structural steel wind scoops. There are multiple points of impact for the wind to hit, so even the slightest breeze will spin the blades. So far, the prototype has worked flawlessly.

While nobody has ever made an ultra-large scale vertical turbine before, Fuller thinks his design is an excellent candidate.

“I’ve been able to demonstrate that for every 10 feet of baffle, there’s a 300 percent increase of output with the rotor. So my thought is that a 40 foot baffle will increase output by 1200 percent. If the 40 foot baffle system is successful, that means that 1 turbine and baffle system (about $200,000), would have the same amount of power as 12 turbines without baffles (about $150,000 ), so there’s financial efficiency. That’s a big change,” he explained.

Eventually, Fuller wants to build a 120 foot model of his turbine. He estimates that it could produce 30,000 to 75,000 kWh each month—enough for 30 to 70 homes.

Whether Fuller’s dreams of a large scale vertical turbine come to fruition depends on future funding for his project. Fuller was previously funded by an investor who lost most of his money in the current economic crisis. Now he hopes to get money from a government grant.

Once Fuller has some cash in his pocket, he believes his design can go straight to commercial production. “After our organization achieves some credibility, it won’t be difficult to find R&D money, especially with so much evidence that the turbine works. This thing is ready to go to market. “

The Walworth County News posted a video of Fuller explaining his design here:

[youtube=http://www.youtube.com/v/ZmUZJYYT2n0&hl=en&fs=1]

Photo Credit: Adam Fuller

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About the Author

was formerly the editor of CleanTechnica and is a senior editor at Co.Exist. She has contributed to SF Weekly, Popular Science, Inhabitat, Greenbiz, NBC Bay Area, GOOD Magazine, and more. A graduate of Vassar College, she has previously worked in publishing, organic farming, documentary film, and newspaper journalism. Her interests include permaculture, hiking, skiing, music, relocalization, and cob (the building material). She currently resides in San Francisco, CA.



  • lawrencebaker

    In geometry and mechanical layout, it is a 3 helix.

    The three helix is a primitive design, my ducted 6 and 8 helix turbine
    rotors are much more advanced. The technology is covered in “Low
    Pressure Turbine Dynamics” which I am the inventor and author of.

    YouTube “Baker Turbo Vortex Wind Turbine for a demonstration.

    In short, sweep area applies to Betz’s Law and the Physics of how a
    propeller driven wind mill operates.

    Change the dynamic to a turbine dynamic operating directly into the energy
    source and you have a whole new set of physics. For instance, my 1
    sq. ft. test plate made up of 4 three inch half round turbine vanes
    that are capped on the ends to contain volume; test much higher than
    Professor Betz’s flat plate for wind energy POTENTIAL.

    Weight to surface area are important in turbine dynamics where as sweep area
    are important to a propeller driven windmill dynamic.

    • Bob_Wallace

      5 years later.

      Do we see these puppies up and running? Or was this yet one more small wind idea that failed….

      • lawrencebaker

        Mr.
        Wallace, if you will goggle “Turbo Vortex Wind Turbine” you will
        not see a failed wind energy idea although it may be over your head.
        There are so many people who are brainwashed stupid these days.
        Professor Betz would role over in his grave if he knew that the
        propagandist renamed the propeller dynamic which he defined in
        physics as a turbine dynamic. Ha Hal You see in science, working
        models are the proof of concept and bull-shit walks.

        • Bob_Wallace

          Googled it.

          Found a page of fail.

          Larry, don’t you have the ability to see how ridiculous your pile of tin is? You posted a video months ago and you have no performance data?

          • lawrencebaker

            I
            have read through your postings on CleanTecnica and see you are the
            resident propagandist for the wind industry that typically hang out
            on such sights.

            Mr.
            Wallace, if that is your real name, you use Propositional Logic
            innuendo with no fact and present no science argument let alone a
            science experiment demonstration. You have no respect.

            I
            on the other hand, I use Aristotelian Logic, the science way of
            thinking in my investigation and discovery. My working models, that
            would be impossible for a gimp like you to build; speak for
            themselves. If you question my mathematics and geometry Mr. Wallace,
            what is the formula for a 6 and 8 helix rotor?

            I
            hide nothing, in mechanical science we are interested in two things
            in a machine: torque and speed. We measure speed with a tachometer
            and torque with two springs that form a Prony Brake.

            I
            posted on this site because because Mr. Fullers demonstrated model is
            germane to my models and I will argue his mechanical position as
            well.

            Present
            a science argument Mr. Wallace not a propositional “its impossible”
            or shut your brainwashed fool mouth. Ha Ha.

          • lawrencebaker

            I have read through your postings on CleanTecnica and see you are the resident propagandist for the wind industry that typically hang out on such sights.

            Mr.Wallace, if that is your real name, you use Propositional Logic innuendo with no fact and present no science argument let alone a science experiment demonstration. You have no respect.

            I on the other hand, I use Aristotelian Logic, the science way of thinking in my investigation and discovery. My working models, that would be impossible for a gimp like you to build; speak for themselves. If you question my mathematics and geometry Mr. Wallace,what is the formula for a 6 and 8 helix rotor?

            I hide nothing, in mechanical science we are interested in two things in a machine: torque and speed. We measure speed with a tachometer and torque with two springs that form a Prony Brake.

            I posted on this site because because Mr. Fullers demonstrated model is germane to my models and I will argue his mechanical position as well.

            Present a science argument Mr. Wallace not a propositional “its impossible” or shut your brainwashed fool mouth. Ha Ha.

          • lawrencebaker

            Discussion deleated?

          • lawrencebaker

            You piece of shit Ariel Schwartz Editor ‘Mr. Wallice” COWARD. I have your post.copied which I am going to feed back to you.

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/J6OEVRQJC7JV3IMCIUGHGGFPMM m c

    Anybody see Obamas clean energy Ad, him standing at a wind farm , blue sky’s green grass, hundreds of windmills lined up like toy soilders with Obama saying this is Americas future energy.
    Problem is, not one windmill was turning, but they looked nice.
    China has almost stopped installing wind turbines due to the fact dust storms kill them, but happy to sell them to the stupid USA rebadged made in USA.
    Off shore wind farms another Obama joke on the tax payer, if dust is a concern for the chinese, what do you thing sea salt is going to do, plus power cables have to be buried 10ft below the ocean floor form 10-20 miles out? what a joke on the tax payer.

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/J6OEVRQJC7JV3IMCIUGHGGFPMM m c

    forget DOEwind energy grants, the obama adminastraited DOE has spent billions on super expencive stupid wind, solar and bio that will never work and his clean coal energy is just a cash cow for the investgators, because it sounds good for his re-election. Obamas DOE is not interested in anything that actually works other than what they have, anything different that cost less will be an embarressment, plus the players they have , have already paid Obama his 10% of of project cost, ever wonder why the DOE knowingly gave millions to insane inventions they knew had prior knowledge will never work but still gave them money while others that do get thrown under the bus?

  • Patrickssimpsons

    you got me an idea regarding with wind turbines design. thanks for the info

  • Mom_112007

    i need to calacludtion of wind and information
    mom_112007@yahoo.com send here plase

  • http://windmillelectricity.org Debbie Danna

    Nice and great idea. Maybe it works just try.

    • Joe M

      Interesting! No further discussions on this, nothing more from Lawerence Baker, last posting 589 days ago?

  • hari prasad

    i think the there might be some wrong calculations with the power output developed !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • hari prasad

    i think the there might be some wrong calculations with the power output developed !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • hari prasad

    i think the there might be some wrong calculations with the power output developed !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • Vintila Arie

    MY ORIZINTAT WIND POWER IS MUCH BETTER AND EFFICINCY

  • Vintila Arie

    MUCH BETTER WIND VERTICAL STATIONS

  • Niranjan

    We are talking about wind power, but do not address high wind problems? Nobody is talking about it either! Tell us about wind power from high to extreme wind? tornado to hurricane? This is wind power. The design of 12′ by 36′ in size and image as displayed here is nothing but joke.

  • Niranjan

    We are talking about wind power, but do not address high wind problems? Nobody is talking about it either! Tell us about wind power from high to extreme wind? tornado to hurricane? This is wind power. The design of 12′ by 36′ in size and image as displayed here is nothing but joke.

  • Niranjan

    We are talking about wind power, but do not address high wind problems? Nobody is talking about it either! Tell us about wind power from high to extreme wind? tornado to hurricane? This is wind power. The design of 12′ by 36′ in size and image as displayed here is nothing but joke.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vId6yWWfauo Lawrence Baker

    The Baker Wind Turbine is a major breakthrough in wind energy technology. The super quiet, Low Pressure Turbine is enclosed and 100% bird and people safe which allows the turbine to be installed and operated in close proximity to people. This eliminates the need for long transmission lines because the electricity is consumed close to where the electricity is generated. The 12 feet in diameter Model #3 Baker Wind Turbine is mounted on a car trailer and the unit is easily transported. Set-up is easy. The outriggers lift the turbine foundation and stabilize the turbine so that it can rotate 360 degrees. The fenders and tires are removed. No tower is needed; all that is necessary is a 6’ by 6’ wind flow. More efficient and powerful than a single dimension propeller driven windmill, this multidimensional wind energy turbine dynamic has never been seen before. Of course, the multidimensional turbine dynamic does not even resemble a single dimension propeller driven windmill. Google Baker Wind Turbine and two videos will appear; the longer video demonstrates the Low Pressure Turbine Dynamic.

    Let me explain to you the basic turnaround in wind energy science and technology demonstrated by the Baker Wind Turbine. You don’t have to be a genius to understand wind energy.

    First, the maximum amount of energy in the wind is directly in front of the wind. This is the basic and simple premise and is easily proven to anyone logically. (Aristotelian logic is the foundation of all science.) While standing in the wind, face the full force of the wind which is directly in front of the wind. Now, form both hands into a cup which represents a ½ round, cupped turbine vane with volume. Now, cross over your hands and form a blade with no volume representing a propeller driven wind mill. Which of the two forms catch more wind and has full thrust from the wind?

    The first part of the equation is solved: The maximum amount of energy in the wind is directly in front of the wind and the best surface form to catch the wind and consequently, has more thrust and power, is a ½ round aluminum turbine vane with volume.

    The second part of the equation is as logical. Which direction will the maximum wind catch area turbine vane turn? Naturally, the turbine vanes and rotor turn harmoniously in the same direction as the wind is blowing. This eliminates wind noise caused by turbulence. A propeller blade rotates sideways to the wind energy airstream which results in less power produced, noise from propeller turbulence and high stress on bearings and blades creating high maintenance cost. Propellers are so big; birds can’t see them and they have devastated wild bird populations. Check out the out of control wind propeller explosions on You Tube.

    The third part of the equation is that the more cupped wind catch surface area that is directly in front of the wind, the more powerful the turbine. A single dimension propeller can only expand in size and power by increasing its’ diameter. The multidimensional Baker Wind Turbine can not only increase its’ power by increasing its’ diameter but can expand horizontally and add exponentially more wind catch surface area and power.

    The Baker Wind Turbine has 144 cupped turbine vanes that are 3 inches wide (5 ½ inches of surface area). The 3 inch aluminum vanes give us 11 inches of weld at the cupped base. Each turbine vane has 1 1/2 sq. ft. of cupped surface area. This is important because the stress per catch area unit is low as apposed to a large catch area with a high stress attachment to the hub. No one turbine vane pulls by itself but pulls together with the other turbine vanes in a “gang”. This spreading of wind energy over the rotor maximizes the wind catch area and spins the rotor smoothly without vibration. Each turbine hub has 6 turbine vanes that are 6 ft. long. There are 24 hubs (6ft. wide) and there are 18 rows. Each row has 8 members that contain 48 lineal ft. of turbine vanes. At any given moment, the top section contains 108 sq. ft. of cupped wind catch surface area. As each row is assembled, they are progressively stepped which forms a horizontal twist. Twist is torque and torque is horsepower. The more twist, the more horsepower. Dividing the diameter into 18 lateral rows creates massive torque that is visible. For example take a wood screw and hold it sideways and turn it. You will notice that the screw is made up of one helix and 8 or more twists (or flights). The Baker Wind Turbine is Like the Archimedean screw but made up of 6 helixes with 8 twists which torque from right to left six feet. The overall dynamic of the Baker Wind Turbine is germane to High Pressure Turbine Dynamics but adapted to Low Pressure Turbine Dynamics which I am the inventor of and the Baker Wind Turbine is the test prototype. Just as Mr. Parsons’ invention of the high pressure steam turbine revolutionized steam power; the Baker Wind Turbine will revolutionize low pressure wind power.

    The Baker Wind Turbine rotor has a lower surface to weight ratio than a propeller windmill so the rotor and shaft which weigh 660 lbs. begins turning on 1 or 2 miles an hour of wind and will operate smoothly and quietly in a 100 mile an hour wind at an estimated (920 R.P.M). High pressure steam and gas turbines operate at 20,000 to 50,000 R.P.M or higher; so in high winds the low pressure turbine dynamic is figuratively just loafing along. The Baker Wind Turbine not only has a wider range of operation but also produces more power at any given wind speed than a propeller driven wind mill and therefore the new turbine wind energy technology should rightfully outmode the old propeller driven windmill technology. The Baker Wind Turbine, like all major inventions, has a wide range of applications that will change roof top architecture, bridge design, ship design, high speed train (forced air) electric grid locomotives, forced air/ electric cars, parks, backyards, airports and all areas where the wind can be utilized in a natural or forced air environment. The turbine is enclosed so the housing can be easily painted to blend in with the surrounding area.

    The last part of the equation is a little harder to grasp, even some engineers don’t get it straight. Those who defy convention and who can think individually in multidimensional terms get it right away.

    First the single dimension. One assumption in Betz’ Law is that a solid wall is considered 100 % efficient in the wind and a propeller is considered 50% efficient because half of the wind flows through the propeller which causes the propeller to turn. So, 6 feet by 6 feet swath of airstream at, lets say, 10 pounds pressure per square foot (pounds is air speed and density) would give you 360 pounds of pressure thrust overall. A 50% efficient propeller would have 180 lbs. of thrust available. A three blade propeller with 5 ½ inch wide blades and 6 foot in diameter (4 1/2 sq. ft. surface area or 40.5 lbs thrust) produces but a fraction of one horsepower. The reason for this is a small surface area propeller rotates on a flat plane sideways to the energy source, has little torque, and is of a single dimension.

    The multidimensional Baker Wind Turbine wind in-take is 6 feet high by 6 feet wide by 12 feet deep. The wind travels laterally across the turbine top section 12 feet to the other side which creates rotary power. The turbine rotor vanes are denser close to the center of the hub and wider at the tips and spaced such that the wind passes through the turbine to the other side. Again, hold up the wood screw. Notice by looking across the top half of the screw that there are air passages to the other side? Remember the Baker Wind Turbine has 6 helixes and 8 twists and the air passages move from right to left six feet? Now, look at the down wind side of the screw and you will notice that the flight is open and fanned out and is not drafted by the spiral? The turbine spirals leading edge is made up of many turbine vanes from many different rows so they do not draft one another. Of course, the leading edge of the opening is constantly changing as the rotor turns. At the apex of the turbine, as observed directly in front of the wind in-feed, the vanes form a continuous wall dimensionally. Because there are dimensional openings between the turbine vanes, and air is highly fluid, the wind powers all nine rows at any given moment from one side to the other. Each row is one dimension under wind power and there are 9 rows. There are 48 lineal feet of 3 inch cupped turbine vanes per row and 108 cupped sq. ft. total under power. If we figure out our total surface area in the top section it would contain 198 sq. ft. of surface area under wind power. At 10 pounds per sq. ft. that would be 1,980 pounds of thrust overall. That is 49 times more than the estimated efficiency of 40.5 pounds thrust for a single dimension propeller operating in the same 6 feet by 6 feet airstream! The Baker Wind Turbine is even more powerful than just converting speed and density of air into rotary power, the traveling torque creates even more horsepower, however, digging into traveling torque equations at this time is not necessary. My point has already been proven in science that Baker Low Pressure Turbine Dynamics is at least 49 times more powerful then a propeller driven wind mill dynamic and my 12 feet in diameter low pressure turbine proves it. That is why I built model #3 so that people could see the powerful turbine dynamic operate even though they do not understand how it works or all of the ramifications of it working. Now you know how it works and basically the breakthrough technology of Baker Low Pressure Turbine Dynamics. Did you get it? Or was it to much for your wee mind? For those who get it, read on. For those who don’t get it; drive down the road at 65 mph. and cup your hand into the wind and let it jerk your arm back (lever) and each time ask yourself “where is the power and energy in the wind”?

    The reason the modern American Green Energy Economy is not moving forward is because independent scientist and individual inventors, like me, are without funding. The reason there is no funding is because the economic powers that be, the status quo, has snuffed any State or Federal funding programs for independent green energy inventors. Are you surprised there is no level ground? Do you know what scares the hell out of the multinational Big Oil and energy barons? The answer is the advancement of science with new inventions that they can’t control (their economy) that would outmode the use of fossil fuels for energy (their product). That is the cause of man made Global Warming.

    Logically, one would think that the first government action would be to utilize our national talent by holding a national green energy science contest thereby acting free from Big Oil. I am not the only independent inventor; there would be thousands of qualified applicants with new concepts. The winner would receive a one million dollar reward to further develop the new green energy concept. Ten million a month could finance and develop ten new grass root industries employing thousands in green energy jobs. Out with the old and in with the new, let the best win in science and the lesser fold or be outmoded by something even better. That is fair competition and free enterprise. A modern American Main Street Capitalism based on a green energy economy would grow from the bottom up and not be dominated and controlled by multinational corporations from the top down. Great inventors were individuals not controlled universities; they should be funded as well.

    Lawrence Baker

    650-218-9434 windcatch@gmail.com

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vId6yWWfauo Lawrence Baker

    The Baker Wind Turbine is a major breakthrough in wind energy technology. The super quiet, Low Pressure Turbine is enclosed and 100% bird and people safe which allows the turbine to be installed and operated in close proximity to people. This eliminates the need for long transmission lines because the electricity is consumed close to where the electricity is generated. The 12 feet in diameter Model #3 Baker Wind Turbine is mounted on a car trailer and the unit is easily transported. Set-up is easy. The outriggers lift the turbine foundation and stabilize the turbine so that it can rotate 360 degrees. The fenders and tires are removed. No tower is needed; all that is necessary is a 6’ by 6’ wind flow. More efficient and powerful than a single dimension propeller driven windmill, this multidimensional wind energy turbine dynamic has never been seen before. Of course, the multidimensional turbine dynamic does not even resemble a single dimension propeller driven windmill. Google Baker Wind Turbine and two videos will appear; the longer video demonstrates the Low Pressure Turbine Dynamic.

    Let me explain to you the basic turnaround in wind energy science and technology demonstrated by the Baker Wind Turbine. You don’t have to be a genius to understand wind energy.

    First, the maximum amount of energy in the wind is directly in front of the wind. This is the basic and simple premise and is easily proven to anyone logically. (Aristotelian logic is the foundation of all science.) While standing in the wind, face the full force of the wind which is directly in front of the wind. Now, form both hands into a cup which represents a ½ round, cupped turbine vane with volume. Now, cross over your hands and form a blade with no volume representing a propeller driven wind mill. Which of the two forms catch more wind and has full thrust from the wind?

    The first part of the equation is solved: The maximum amount of energy in the wind is directly in front of the wind and the best surface form to catch the wind and consequently, has more thrust and power, is a ½ round aluminum turbine vane with volume.

    The second part of the equation is as logical. Which direction will the maximum wind catch area turbine vane turn? Naturally, the turbine vanes and rotor turn harmoniously in the same direction as the wind is blowing. This eliminates wind noise caused by turbulence. A propeller blade rotates sideways to the wind energy airstream which results in less power produced, noise from propeller turbulence and high stress on bearings and blades creating high maintenance cost. Propellers are so big; birds can’t see them and they have devastated wild bird populations. Check out the out of control wind propeller explosions on You Tube.

    The third part of the equation is that the more cupped wind catch surface area that is directly in front of the wind, the more powerful the turbine. A single dimension propeller can only expand in size and power by increasing its’ diameter. The multidimensional Baker Wind Turbine can not only increase its’ power by increasing its’ diameter but can expand horizontally and add exponentially more wind catch surface area and power.

    The Baker Wind Turbine has 144 cupped turbine vanes that are 3 inches wide (5 ½ inches of surface area). The 3 inch aluminum vanes give us 11 inches of weld at the cupped base. Each turbine vane has 1 1/2 sq. ft. of cupped surface area. This is important because the stress per catch area unit is low as apposed to a large catch area with a high stress attachment to the hub. No one turbine vane pulls by itself but pulls together with the other turbine vanes in a “gang”. This spreading of wind energy over the rotor maximizes the wind catch area and spins the rotor smoothly without vibration. Each turbine hub has 6 turbine vanes that are 6 ft. long. There are 24 hubs (6ft. wide) and there are 18 rows. Each row has 8 members that contain 48 lineal ft. of turbine vanes. At any given moment, the top section contains 108 sq. ft. of cupped wind catch surface area. As each row is assembled, they are progressively stepped which forms a horizontal twist. Twist is torque and torque is horsepower. The more twist, the more horsepower. Dividing the diameter into 18 lateral rows creates massive torque that is visible. For example take a wood screw and hold it sideways and turn it. You will notice that the screw is made up of one helix and 8 or more twists (or flights). The Baker Wind Turbine is Like the Archimedean screw but made up of 6 helixes with 8 twists which torque from right to left six feet. The overall dynamic of the Baker Wind Turbine is germane to High Pressure Turbine Dynamics but adapted to Low Pressure Turbine Dynamics which I am the inventor of and the Baker Wind Turbine is the test prototype. Just as Mr. Parsons’ invention of the high pressure steam turbine revolutionized steam power; the Baker Wind Turbine will revolutionize low pressure wind power.

    The Baker Wind Turbine rotor has a lower surface to weight ratio than a propeller windmill so the rotor and shaft which weigh 660 lbs. begins turning on 1 or 2 miles an hour of wind and will operate smoothly and quietly in a 100 mile an hour wind at an estimated (920 R.P.M). High pressure steam and gas turbines operate at 20,000 to 50,000 R.P.M or higher; so in high winds the low pressure turbine dynamic is figuratively just loafing along. The Baker Wind Turbine not only has a wider range of operation but also produces more power at any given wind speed than a propeller driven wind mill and therefore the new turbine wind energy technology should rightfully outmode the old propeller driven windmill technology. The Baker Wind Turbine, like all major inventions, has a wide range of applications that will change roof top architecture, bridge design, ship design, high speed train (forced air) electric grid locomotives, forced air/ electric cars, parks, backyards, airports and all areas where the wind can be utilized in a natural or forced air environment. The turbine is enclosed so the housing can be easily painted to blend in with the surrounding area.

    The last part of the equation is a little harder to grasp, even some engineers don’t get it straight. Those who defy convention and who can think individually in multidimensional terms get it right away.

    First the single dimension. One assumption in Betz’ Law is that a solid wall is considered 100 % efficient in the wind and a propeller is considered 50% efficient because half of the wind flows through the propeller which causes the propeller to turn. So, 6 feet by 6 feet swath of airstream at, lets say, 10 pounds pressure per square foot (pounds is air speed and density) would give you 360 pounds of pressure thrust overall. A 50% efficient propeller would have 180 lbs. of thrust available. A three blade propeller with 5 ½ inch wide blades and 6 foot in diameter (4 1/2 sq. ft. surface area or 40.5 lbs thrust) produces but a fraction of one horsepower. The reason for this is a small surface area propeller rotates on a flat plane sideways to the energy source, has little torque, and is of a single dimension.

    The multidimensional Baker Wind Turbine wind in-take is 6 feet high by 6 feet wide by 12 feet deep. The wind travels laterally across the turbine top section 12 feet to the other side which creates rotary power. The turbine rotor vanes are denser close to the center of the hub and wider at the tips and spaced such that the wind passes through the turbine to the other side. Again, hold up the wood screw. Notice by looking across the top half of the screw that there are air passages to the other side? Remember the Baker Wind Turbine has 6 helixes and 8 twists and the air passages move from right to left six feet? Now, look at the down wind side of the screw and you will notice that the flight is open and fanned out and is not drafted by the spiral? The turbine spirals leading edge is made up of many turbine vanes from many different rows so they do not draft one another. Of course, the leading edge of the opening is constantly changing as the rotor turns. At the apex of the turbine, as observed directly in front of the wind in-feed, the vanes form a continuous wall dimensionally. Because there are dimensional openings between the turbine vanes, and air is highly fluid, the wind powers all nine rows at any given moment from one side to the other. Each row is one dimension under wind power and there are 9 rows. There are 48 lineal feet of 3 inch cupped turbine vanes per row and 108 cupped sq. ft. total under power. If we figure out our total surface area in the top section it would contain 198 sq. ft. of surface area under wind power. At 10 pounds per sq. ft. that would be 1,980 pounds of thrust overall. That is 49 times more than the estimated efficiency of 40.5 pounds thrust for a single dimension propeller operating in the same 6 feet by 6 feet airstream! The Baker Wind Turbine is even more powerful than just converting speed and density of air into rotary power, the traveling torque creates even more horsepower, however, digging into traveling torque equations at this time is not necessary. My point has already been proven in science that Baker Low Pressure Turbine Dynamics is at least 49 times more powerful then a propeller driven wind mill dynamic and my 12 feet in diameter low pressure turbine proves it. That is why I built model #3 so that people could see the powerful turbine dynamic operate even though they do not understand how it works or all of the ramifications of it working. Now you know how it works and basically the breakthrough technology of Baker Low Pressure Turbine Dynamics. Did you get it? Or was it to much for your wee mind? For those who get it, read on. For those who don’t get it; drive down the road at 65 mph. and cup your hand into the wind and let it jerk your arm back (lever) and each time ask yourself “where is the power and energy in the wind”?

    The reason the modern American Green Energy Economy is not moving forward is because independent scientist and individual inventors, like me, are without funding. The reason there is no funding is because the economic powers that be, the status quo, has snuffed any State or Federal funding programs for independent green energy inventors. Are you surprised there is no level ground? Do you know what scares the hell out of the multinational Big Oil and energy barons? The answer is the advancement of science with new inventions that they can’t control (their economy) that would outmode the use of fossil fuels for energy (their product). That is the cause of man made Global Warming.

    Logically, one would think that the first government action would be to utilize our national talent by holding a national green energy science contest thereby acting free from Big Oil. I am not the only independent inventor; there would be thousands of qualified applicants with new concepts. The winner would receive a one million dollar reward to further develop the new green energy concept. Ten million a month could finance and develop ten new grass root industries employing thousands in green energy jobs. Out with the old and in with the new, let the best win in science and the lesser fold or be outmoded by something even better. That is fair competition and free enterprise. A modern American Main Street Capitalism based on a green energy economy would grow from the bottom up and not be dominated and controlled by multinational corporations from the top down. Great inventors were individuals not controlled universities; they should be funded as well.

    Lawrence Baker

    650-218-9434 windcatch@gmail.com

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vId6yWWfauo Lawrence Baker

    The Baker Wind Turbine is a major breakthrough in wind energy technology. The super quiet, Low Pressure Turbine is enclosed and 100% bird and people safe which allows the turbine to be installed and operated in close proximity to people. This eliminates the need for long transmission lines because the electricity is consumed close to where the electricity is generated. The 12 feet in diameter Model #3 Baker Wind Turbine is mounted on a car trailer and the unit is easily transported. Set-up is easy. The outriggers lift the turbine foundation and stabilize the turbine so that it can rotate 360 degrees. The fenders and tires are removed. No tower is needed; all that is necessary is a 6’ by 6’ wind flow. More efficient and powerful than a single dimension propeller driven windmill, this multidimensional wind energy turbine dynamic has never been seen before. Of course, the multidimensional turbine dynamic does not even resemble a single dimension propeller driven windmill. Google Baker Wind Turbine and two videos will appear; the longer video demonstrates the Low Pressure Turbine Dynamic.

    Let me explain to you the basic turnaround in wind energy science and technology demonstrated by the Baker Wind Turbine. You don’t have to be a genius to understand wind energy.

    First, the maximum amount of energy in the wind is directly in front of the wind. This is the basic and simple premise and is easily proven to anyone logically. (Aristotelian logic is the foundation of all science.) While standing in the wind, face the full force of the wind which is directly in front of the wind. Now, form both hands into a cup which represents a ½ round, cupped turbine vane with volume. Now, cross over your hands and form a blade with no volume representing a propeller driven wind mill. Which of the two forms catch more wind and has full thrust from the wind?

    The first part of the equation is solved: The maximum amount of energy in the wind is directly in front of the wind and the best surface form to catch the wind and consequently, has more thrust and power, is a ½ round aluminum turbine vane with volume.

    The second part of the equation is as logical. Which direction will the maximum wind catch area turbine vane turn? Naturally, the turbine vanes and rotor turn harmoniously in the same direction as the wind is blowing. This eliminates wind noise caused by turbulence. A propeller blade rotates sideways to the wind energy airstream which results in less power produced, noise from propeller turbulence and high stress on bearings and blades creating high maintenance cost. Propellers are so big; birds can’t see them and they have devastated wild bird populations. Check out the out of control wind propeller explosions on You Tube.

    The third part of the equation is that the more cupped wind catch surface area that is directly in front of the wind, the more powerful the turbine. A single dimension propeller can only expand in size and power by increasing its’ diameter. The multidimensional Baker Wind Turbine can not only increase its’ power by increasing its’ diameter but can expand horizontally and add exponentially more wind catch surface area and power.

    The Baker Wind Turbine has 144 cupped turbine vanes that are 3 inches wide (5 ½ inches of surface area). The 3 inch aluminum vanes give us 11 inches of weld at the cupped base. Each turbine vane has 1 1/2 sq. ft. of cupped surface area. This is important because the stress per catch area unit is low as apposed to a large catch area with a high stress attachment to the hub. No one turbine vane pulls by itself but pulls together with the other turbine vanes in a “gang”. This spreading of wind energy over the rotor maximizes the wind catch area and spins the rotor smoothly without vibration. Each turbine hub has 6 turbine vanes that are 6 ft. long. There are 24 hubs (6ft. wide) and there are 18 rows. Each row has 8 members that contain 48 lineal ft. of turbine vanes. At any given moment, the top section contains 108 sq. ft. of cupped wind catch surface area. As each row is assembled, they are progressively stepped which forms a horizontal twist. Twist is torque and torque is horsepower. The more twist, the more horsepower. Dividing the diameter into 18 lateral rows creates massive torque that is visible. For example take a wood screw and hold it sideways and turn it. You will notice that the screw is made up of one helix and 8 or more twists (or flights). The Baker Wind Turbine is Like the Archimedean screw but made up of 6 helixes with 8 twists which torque from right to left six feet. The overall dynamic of the Baker Wind Turbine is germane to High Pressure Turbine Dynamics but adapted to Low Pressure Turbine Dynamics which I am the inventor of and the Baker Wind Turbine is the test prototype. Just as Mr. Parsons’ invention of the high pressure steam turbine revolutionized steam power; the Baker Wind Turbine will revolutionize low pressure wind power.

    The Baker Wind Turbine rotor has a lower surface to weight ratio than a propeller windmill so the rotor and shaft which weigh 660 lbs. begins turning on 1 or 2 miles an hour of wind and will operate smoothly and quietly in a 100 mile an hour wind at an estimated (920 R.P.M). High pressure steam and gas turbines operate at 20,000 to 50,000 R.P.M or higher; so in high winds the low pressure turbine dynamic is figuratively just loafing along. The Baker Wind Turbine not only has a wider range of operation but also produces more power at any given wind speed than a propeller driven wind mill and therefore the new turbine wind energy technology should rightfully outmode the old propeller driven windmill technology. The Baker Wind Turbine, like all major inventions, has a wide range of applications that will change roof top architecture, bridge design, ship design, high speed train (forced air) electric grid locomotives, forced air/ electric cars, parks, backyards, airports and all areas where the wind can be utilized in a natural or forced air environment. The turbine is enclosed so the housing can be easily painted to blend in with the surrounding area.

    The last part of the equation is a little harder to grasp, even some engineers don’t get it straight. Those who defy convention and who can think individually in multidimensional terms get it right away.

    First the single dimension. One assumption in Betz’ Law is that a solid wall is considered 100 % efficient in the wind and a propeller is considered 50% efficient because half of the wind flows through the propeller which causes the propeller to turn. So, 6 feet by 6 feet swath of airstream at, lets say, 10 pounds pressure per square foot (pounds is air speed and density) would give you 360 pounds of pressure thrust overall. A 50% efficient propeller would have 180 lbs. of thrust available. A three blade propeller with 5 ½ inch wide blades and 6 foot in diameter (4 1/2 sq. ft. surface area or 40.5 lbs thrust) produces but a fraction of one horsepower. The reason for this is a small surface area propeller rotates on a flat plane sideways to the energy source, has little torque, and is of a single dimension.

    The multidimensional Baker Wind Turbine wind in-take is 6 feet high by 6 feet wide by 12 feet deep. The wind travels laterally across the turbine top section 12 feet to the other side which creates rotary power. The turbine rotor vanes are denser close to the center of the hub and wider at the tips and spaced such that the wind passes through the turbine to the other side. Again, hold up the wood screw. Notice by looking across the top half of the screw that there are air passages to the other side? Remember the Baker Wind Turbine has 6 helixes and 8 twists and the air passages move from right to left six feet? Now, look at the down wind side of the screw and you will notice that the flight is open and fanned out and is not drafted by the spiral? The turbine spirals leading edge is made up of many turbine vanes from many different rows so they do not draft one another. Of course, the leading edge of the opening is constantly changing as the rotor turns. At the apex of the turbine, as observed directly in front of the wind in-feed, the vanes form a continuous wall dimensionally. Because there are dimensional openings between the turbine vanes, and air is highly fluid, the wind powers all nine rows at any given moment from one side to the other. Each row is one dimension under wind power and there are 9 rows. There are 48 lineal feet of 3 inch cupped turbine vanes per row and 108 cupped sq. ft. total under power. If we figure out our total surface area in the top section it would contain 198 sq. ft. of surface area under wind power. At 10 pounds per sq. ft. that would be 1,980 pounds of thrust overall. That is 49 times more than the estimated efficiency of 40.5 pounds thrust for a single dimension propeller operating in the same 6 feet by 6 feet airstream! The Baker Wind Turbine is even more powerful than just converting speed and density of air into rotary power, the traveling torque creates even more horsepower, however, digging into traveling torque equations at this time is not necessary. My point has already been proven in science that Baker Low Pressure Turbine Dynamics is at least 49 times more powerful then a propeller driven wind mill dynamic and my 12 feet in diameter low pressure turbine proves it. That is why I built model #3 so that people could see the powerful turbine dynamic operate even though they do not understand how it works or all of the ramifications of it working. Now you know how it works and basically the breakthrough technology of Baker Low Pressure Turbine Dynamics. Did you get it? Or was it to much for your wee mind? For those who get it, read on. For those who don’t get it; drive down the road at 65 mph. and cup your hand into the wind and let it jerk your arm back (lever) and each time ask yourself “where is the power and energy in the wind”?

    The reason the modern American Green Energy Economy is not moving forward is because independent scientist and individual inventors, like me, are without funding. The reason there is no funding is because the economic powers that be, the status quo, has snuffed any State or Federal funding programs for independent green energy inventors. Are you surprised there is no level ground? Do you know what scares the hell out of the multinational Big Oil and energy barons? The answer is the advancement of science with new inventions that they can’t control (their economy) that would outmode the use of fossil fuels for energy (their product). That is the cause of man made Global Warming.

    Logically, one would think that the first government action would be to utilize our national talent by holding a national green energy science contest thereby acting free from Big Oil. I am not the only independent inventor; there would be thousands of qualified applicants with new concepts. The winner would receive a one million dollar reward to further develop the new green energy concept. Ten million a month could finance and develop ten new grass root industries employing thousands in green energy jobs. Out with the old and in with the new, let the best win in science and the lesser fold or be outmoded by something even better. That is fair competition and free enterprise. A modern American Main Street Capitalism based on a green energy economy would grow from the bottom up and not be dominated and controlled by multinational corporations from the top down. Great inventors were individuals not controlled universities; they should be funded as well.

    Lawrence Baker

    650-218-9434 windcatch@gmail.com

  • Sujay Gulwadi

    These types of vertical wind turbines tend to become commerically viable when they can network with large scale construction companies and place them on the roofs of high rise appartment and office blocks.

    Sujay Gulwadi

  • Sujay Gulwadi

    These types of vertical wind turbines tend to become commerically viable when they can network with large scale construction companies and place them on the roofs of high rise appartment and office blocks.

    Sujay Gulwadi

  • Sujay Gulwadi

    These types of vertical wind turbines tend to become commerically viable when they can network with large scale construction companies and place them on the roofs of high rise appartment and office blocks.

    Sujay Gulwadi

  • Cristi
  • Cristi
  • Cristi
  • armando solis

    i believe that this kind of innovation can be done if we believe so in it. every applied idea has to start somewhere. i hope you continue building this kind of prototype and hopefully make it commercialize.

  • armando solis

    i believe that this kind of innovation can be done if we believe so in it. every applied idea has to start somewhere. i hope you continue building this kind of prototype and hopefully make it commercialize.

  • armando solis

    i believe that this kind of innovation can be done if we believe so in it. every applied idea has to start somewhere. i hope you continue building this kind of prototype and hopefully make it commercialize.

  • http://www.secondsighting.co.uk/ Tom

    amazing, i hope it works.

  • http://www.secondsighting.co.uk/ Tom

    amazing, i hope it works.

  • http://www.secondsighting.co.uk/ Tom

    amazing, i hope it works.

  • Bill

    “While nobody has ever made an ultra-large scale vertical turbine before”

    What do you call the 100 ft tall 300 kW Flowind VAWT?

    http://www.ecopowerusa.com/vawt.html

  • Bill

    “While nobody has ever made an ultra-large scale vertical turbine before”

    What do you call the 100 ft tall 300 kW Flowind VAWT?

    http://www.ecopowerusa.com/vawt.html

  • Bill

    “While nobody has ever made an ultra-large scale vertical turbine before”

    What do you call the 100 ft tall 300 kW Flowind VAWT?

    http://www.ecopowerusa.com/vawt.html

  • idea

    why don’t they coat wind turbines in light solar cells?

  • idea

    why don’t they coat wind turbines in light solar cells?

  • idea

    why don’t they coat wind turbines in light solar cells?

  • Gerald VanDiver

    We are in Minneapolis and would like to talk with you. Please contact me or Steve McMIchaels at- 952 484 8598 or 952 393 3706 to discuss how to work together to bring your patent to market. Wind Energy of America

  • Gerald VanDiver

    We are in Minneapolis and would like to talk with you. Please contact me or Steve McMIchaels at- 952 484 8598 or 952 393 3706 to discuss how to work together to bring your patent to market. Wind Energy of America

  • Hugh Coleman

    The basics of rotating foils began in the 18th Century and were defined in detail by Boeing engineers in WWII. Tip speed is max, hub speed is zero, mean speed is therefore 1/2 max. Since Speed or velocity is squared in the force formula 1/2 squared is 1/4 which tells you the most you can get from a rotating foil is 1/4 of the energy that hits the blades and of course a lot does not. Work also has confirmed that only 1/3 of the rotating blade length can be optimised. So in short your friend just wasted a lot of time and money because he has no ideas what the basics are or what he is doing.

  • Hugh Coleman

    The basics of rotating foils began in the 18th Century and were defined in detail by Boeing engineers in WWII. Tip speed is max, hub speed is zero, mean speed is therefore 1/2 max. Since Speed or velocity is squared in the force formula 1/2 squared is 1/4 which tells you the most you can get from a rotating foil is 1/4 of the energy that hits the blades and of course a lot does not. Work also has confirmed that only 1/3 of the rotating blade length can be optimised. So in short your friend just wasted a lot of time and money because he has no ideas what the basics are or what he is doing.

  • David Diez

    “I’ve been able to demonstrate that for every 10 feet of baffle, there’s a 300 percent increase of output with the rotor. So my thought is that a 40 foot baffle will increase output by 1200 percent.”

    Extrapolations like this aren’t usually accurate. Further, I’m also confused on

    “Eventually, Fuller wants to build a 120 foot model of his turbine. He estimates that it could produce 30,000 to 75,000 kWh—enough for 30 to 70 homes.”

    75,000 kWh over what period of time? (A large conventional wind turbine can do that over about 3 windy days.)

  • David Diez

    “I’ve been able to demonstrate that for every 10 feet of baffle, there’s a 300 percent increase of output with the rotor. So my thought is that a 40 foot baffle will increase output by 1200 percent.”

    Extrapolations like this aren’t usually accurate. Further, I’m also confused on

    “Eventually, Fuller wants to build a 120 foot model of his turbine. He estimates that it could produce 30,000 to 75,000 kWh—enough for 30 to 70 homes.”

    75,000 kWh over what period of time? (A large conventional wind turbine can do that over about 3 windy days.)

  • David Diez

    “I’ve been able to demonstrate that for every 10 feet of baffle, there’s a 300 percent increase of output with the rotor. So my thought is that a 40 foot baffle will increase output by 1200 percent.”

    Extrapolations like this aren’t usually accurate. Further, I’m also confused on

    “Eventually, Fuller wants to build a 120 foot model of his turbine. He estimates that it could produce 30,000 to 75,000 kWh—enough for 30 to 70 homes.”

    75,000 kWh over what period of time? (A large conventional wind turbine can do that over about 3 windy days.)

  • http://www.myspace.com/theadamman1 Inventor

    The video is of a very early prototype. The system now has immense walls on each side of the turbine that create a pressure/vacuum combination that is hyper-efficient. This creates enormous increases to the outputs. All engineering has been performed and the machine is rated for codes in over 85% of the country. My email is fadam91@yahoo.com & see website listed above.

  • http://www.myspace.com/theadamman1 Inventor

    The video is of a very early prototype. The system now has immense walls on each side of the turbine that create a pressure/vacuum combination that is hyper-efficient. This creates enormous increases to the outputs. All engineering has been performed and the machine is rated for codes in over 85% of the country. My email is fadam91@yahoo.com & see website listed above.

  • http://www.myspace.com/theadamman1 Inventor

    The video is of a very early prototype. The system now has immense walls on each side of the turbine that create a pressure/vacuum combination that is hyper-efficient. This creates enormous increases to the outputs. All engineering has been performed and the machine is rated for codes in over 85% of the country. My email is fadam91@yahoo.com & see website listed above.

  • Ravi Soparkar

    Congratulations Adam for Amazing VAWT design.

    This could be revoulation in wind turbine industry.

    This technilogy must focused for commercial exploration. I would be happy to receive more info and up date.

    Ravi Soparkar

    Pune, India

    renewableenergy at in.com

  • Ravi Soparkar

    Congratulations Adam for Amazing VAWT design.

    This could be revoulation in wind turbine industry.

    This technilogy must focused for commercial exploration. I would be happy to receive more info and up date.

    Ravi Soparkar

    Pune, India

    renewableenergy at in.com

  • Scott_T

    Seems like he’s going to run into problems with bearings and structural loads at larger scales too.

  • Scott_T

    Seems like he’s going to run into problems with bearings and structural loads at larger scales too.

  • Scott_T

    Seems like he’s going to run into problems with bearings and structural loads at larger scales too.

  • Adam

    This was originally written about in December 2007. Shame that there hasn’t been any good news since then. Maybe Barack will see this video and pay Adam a visit!

    http://gazettextra.com/news/2007/dec/26/vertical-tower-next-breakthrough-wind-power/

  • Adam

    This was originally written about in December 2007. Shame that there hasn’t been any good news since then. Maybe Barack will see this video and pay Adam a visit!

    http://gazettextra.com/news/2007/dec/26/vertical-tower-next-breakthrough-wind-power/

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