Members Reviving Atlanta Electric Co-Op After CEO Takes Millions — Episode 31 of Local Energy Rules Podcast

Sign up for daily news updates from CleanTechnica on email. Or follow us on Google News!

Originally published on

Cobb EMC President Dwight Brown surrendered to authorities on Jan. 6, 2011, after being indicted on 31 criminal charges. Received by MDJ on Jan. 7, 2011.
Cobb EMC President Dwight Brown surrendered to authorities on Jan. 6, 2011, after being indicted on 31 criminal charges. Received by MDJ on Jan. 7, 2011.

Former CEO Dwight Brown (pictured right) did a number on the Cobb Electric Membership Corporation (EMC).

Cobb EMC serves around 175,000 member-owners just outside of Atlanta, Georgia, and is one of 900 member-owned electric cooperatives in the United States. From the late 1990s on, the co-op’s members lost nearly $400 million to Brown’s for-profit Cobb Energy, a shell entity Brown engineered to drain money from the cooperative. Over a 15-year span, Brown personally pocketed more than $21 million through self-dealing and conspiring with other business entities, including a proposed $2 billion coal-fired power plant that would’ve raised members’ electric rates by 10–20% in its first year of operation alone. Brown was indicted on more than 30 charges including theft and racketeering in 2011; he is still awaiting trial.

With the release of ILSR’s report, “Re-Member-ing the Electric Cooperative,” we released three podcasts featuring great stories of electric cooperatives that are promoting renewable energy and engaging their members. This is the first podcast.

Brown and Cobb EMC’s story is more than a story of greed. It remains a stark reminder of just how much can go wrong when member-owners of an electric cooperative fail to participate in the very electric utility they own and regulate. (For the most part, states do not regulate electric cooperatives.)

Mark Hackett, president of member-driven Cobb EMC Forum, joins John Farrell this week to talk about how an engaged membership continues to be essential to defending the vitality of a locally owned electric company.

CRE Report Podcast Images

Getting Involved

Marck HackettHackett (pictured left) became involved only after Brown’s infamy hit the newspapers. Cooperative members were angry. Some filed a lawsuit against Cobb EMC, eventually winning a settlement that made Brown step down in 2011, as well as setting a course for board elections. Other members formed reform groups. One of them, Take Back Cobb EMC, was cold-calling for support to elect a new board of directors. They hoped a new board would withdraw from participation in the Washington Plant coal project. They ended up calling Hackett, who was newly retired from a career in the electric utility industry.

“The coal plant was an economic boondoggle,” says Hackett, who used his expertise in baseload power to help define the economics of the power plant to board members and other cooperative members. 

Cobb Electric Membership Corporation
Above: Auditors tallied almost $400 million in costs to the Cobb Electric Membership Corporation from former CEO Dwight Brown’s Cobb Energy.

A new board was elected. The new members backed out of the Washington Plant. Its purpose solved, Take Back Cobb EMC and other member groups dissolved into what is now the Cobb EMC Forum.

“Our challenge and mission is to try to encourage member involvement in Cobb EMC so that we never revisit the sins of the past,” says Hackett. “And boy it is a challenge.”

Minding the Members

Much has been accomplished by member activism, but as members recede into their private lives, the board has recently made moves to undermine member control.

Last year, the board of directors opened all board meetings to any cooperative member. However, committee meetings, where controversial issues such as power supply and finances are discussed and rehashed, remained closed off. Hackett notes that these committees return to the board with proposals that have been sanitized of meaningful discussion, preventing members from understanding the decisions of the board.

Organized by Cobb EMC Forum, members proposed a bylaw change that if a committee meeting had a quorum of board members (a typical practice), then members could not be prohibited from attending. Members overwhelmingly approved the new bylaw, despite a board recommendation against transparency, along with three other bylaw changes that members worked on with the board.

But in December, the tides turned. The board proposed to change the signature requirement for bylaw proposals from 35 to 850 members, effectively hamstringing the cooperative’s Members’ Bill of Rights that guarantees the right to propose bylaws.

“You pretty much have to have it as your full time job to go and get 850 signatures,” says Hackett. Before the measure was finalized, Hackett quickly sponsored a bylaw change proposal (with 35 signatures) to reinstate the 35 signature requirement.

Hackett’s timely move will be voted on at the next annual membership meeting. But the board hasn’t taken the issue lying down, introducing a measure to change the threshold of members needed to pass a bylaw change from a simple majority to two-thirds. The board cites the need to combat “the same small number of members to attempt changes to the bylaws every year,” although only four changes have been adopted in the past three years (three with board approval).

“I do know it does take member involvement and groups like ours to drum up the members to make sure things don’t go south,” says Hackett. “It’s too easy for a board to forget who elected them.”

For more information on the challenges of maintaining member control (and other issues), see ILSR’s report Re-Membering the Electric Cooperative, released in March 2016.

This is the 31st edition of Local Energy Rules, an ILSR podcast with Director of Democratic Energy John Farrell that shares powerful stories of successful local renewable energy and exposes the policy and practical barriers to its expansion. Other than his immediate family, the audience is primarily researchers, grassroots organizers, and grasstops policy wonks who want vivid examples of how local renewable energy can power local economies.

It is published intermittently on, but you can Click to subscribe to the podcast: iTunes or RSS/XML

For timely updates, follow John Farrell on Twitter or get the Energy Democracy weekly update.

Have a tip for CleanTechnica? Want to advertise? Want to suggest a guest for our CleanTech Talk podcast? Contact us here.

Latest CleanTechnica TV Video

CleanTechnica uses affiliate links. See our policy here.

John Farrell

John directs the Democratic Energy program at ILSR and he focuses on energy policy developments that best expand the benefits of local ownership and dispersed generation of renewable energy. His seminal paper, Democratizing the Electricity System, describes how to blast the roadblocks to distributed renewable energy generation, and how such small-scale renewable energy projects are the key to the biggest strides in renewable energy development.   Farrell also authored the landmark report Energy Self-Reliant States, which serves as the definitive energy atlas for the United States, detailing the state-by-state renewable electricity generation potential. Farrell regularly provides discussion and analysis of distributed renewable energy policy on his blog, Energy Self-Reliant States (, and articles are regularly syndicated on Grist and Renewable Energy World.   John Farrell can also be found on Twitter @johnffarrell, or at

John Farrell has 518 posts and counting. See all posts by John Farrell