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The origins and growth of property tax assessed clean energy - PACE programs - within California and the first company to start-up in another state.

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Movers in the Spread of California’s PACE programs

The origins and growth of property tax assessed clean energy – PACE programs – within California and the first company to start-up in another state.

Originally published in the ECOreport.

It has been nine months since California approved a $10 million reserve fund, to reimburse mortgage holders if homeowners with Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) default. (The residential program has been moving in slow motion since 2010, when, concerned about the priority PACE loans had over mortgages, the Federal Housing Finance Agency ordered the government-sponsored enterprises to not underwrite mortgages for homes with PACE loans.) In September, Governor Jerry Brown signed AB 2597 and AB 1883 into law. For “California First,” these actions  opened the door for their residential program to return to California. It was probably less of a breakthrough for the HERO PACE program which was already either adopted, or in the process of being adopted, by 100 cities as of February. Nevertheless, California legislation furthered PACE’s expansion through-out the state. Four companies are the movers in the spread of California’s PACE programs and rumor has it a fifth may soon be launching.     


HERO, California’s leading residential PACE provider, was founded in Riverside county in December 2011. It spread throughout Southern California, up  the central valley and into the North. Another 42 cities and counties recently adopted this program. That brings the current total to 213 cities and unincorporated areas, or 44% of the total households in California. HERO PACE has helped fund more than 20,000 residential efficiency projects, totaling more than $375 million in financing. 

Homeowners use this money to install solar panels, HVAC systems, and more efficient windows.

As a result of the California drought, approximately 4% of HERO’s projects are now water-related. These include outdoor landscaping options, weather based irrigation systems, rainwater catchment systems and thousands of other high-efficiency water saving devices.


One of their better-known jobs was replacing San Diego County Supervisor Dave Roberts’ 6,000 square foot lawn with artificial turf (photo at top of page). Artificial turf can  reduce water usage by 44 gallons per square foot. Roberts decided to make the switch when he realized that could mean 264,000 gallons a year! Roberts calculated that he would recoup the $45,000 loan, through savings on water and lawn care, in nine years. Of course, like all  PACE loans, the payments would be added to his property taxes.

“Up until now, I’ve been doing my part by following recommended watering schedules,” he said in a press release. “But I realized that I could, and should, do more to permanently reduce my home’s water footprint.”  

The second largest residential provider is California First. It is run by Renewable Funding, whose CEO Cisco De Vries started America’s first PACE program in Berkeley six years ago. Since then, Renewable Funding has operated a commercial PACE program in California and offers consumer loans throughout the US. They helped draft AB 2597 and AB 1883.   

Cisco DeVries

This may explains the phenomenal growth California First has had since it re-entered the residential market last August. They have already signed up 168 cities and unincorporated areas. Ninety-four projects have been completed, and California First has applications for another $24.4 million in work.

“California continues to lead the way in providing PACE financing options and we are pleased that a growing number of California homeowners have taken advantage of our innovative program. The success of PACE in California bodes well for its adoption in other states that are closely watching our efforts,” said De Vries.

HERO PACE is also looking outside California, though at this point speculatively. 

The only PACE program to expand into other states is Ygrene Energy Fund. They have been operating in Miami Bay, Florida, for nearly two years. Ygrene expects to open an office in Georgia early 2015

Historically we have focused on partnering directly with local cities and counties, which has had an appeal to some jurisdictions,” said Michael Lemyre, Ygrene’s Vice President of District Development. “We will also being offering a statewide program in the near future that cities and counties can opt into, as well as offering to form a local district with them. Either way we design, develop and operate the PACE programs with local jurisdictions – an option that they really like having.”


Ygrene’s first Californian residential program started up in Sacramento during 2011.  Since that time they have expanded throughout Sacramento County, neighboring Yolo County and into the City of Chula Vista as well as Eastern Riverside county, in partnership with the Coachella Valley Association of Governments (CVAG).

There is at least one other residential PACE program, which operates within Sonoma County

Rumor has it that San Diego based Figtree PACE is contemplating the launch of a residential program.

Note on Images, in descending order:

  • The spread of PACE programs. Symbol placings are not all county-specific. CF = California First; H = Hero PACE; S = Sonoma; Y= Ygrene
  •  “Going Green” from News of the Week from Dave’s Desk)
  • Cisco DeVries, Father of P.A.C.E. and CEO of Renewable Funding
  • Sacramento Sunrise – Courtesy Robert Couse-Baker, CC BY SA, 2.0
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Written By

is the President of Cortes Community Radio , CKTZ 89.5 FM, where he has hosted a half hour program since 2014, and editor of the Cortes Currents (formerly the ECOreport), a website dedicated to exploring how our lifestyle choices and technologies affect the West Coast of British Columbia. He writes for both writes for both Clean Technica and PlanetSave on Important Media. He is a research junkie who has written over 2,000 articles since he was first published in 1982. Roy lives on Cortes Island, BC, Canada.


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