Clean Power

Published on September 1st, 2013 | by James Ayre


Spray-On Solar Cells — New, Inexpensive Nanoparticles Lower Solar Cell Manufacturing Costs

September 1st, 2013 by  

Originally published on sister site Green Building Elements.

Relatively inexpensive, easy-to-manufacture, nanoparticle-based solar cells can be created with materials that are abundantly common throughout the Earth’s crust, according to new work from researchers at the University of Alberta. The new nanoparticle-based solar cells — which could be mass-manufactured using simple methods, such as roll-to-roll printing or spray-coating — are possible thanks to a new type of nanoparticle designed by the researchers.

The researchers think that the new design/discovery — which according to them has been several years in the making — “is an important step forward in making solar power more accessible to parts of the world that are off the traditional electricity grid or face high power costs, such as the Canadian North.”

UAlberta researcher Jillian Buriak (center) worked with post-doctoral fellows Erik Luber (right) and Hosnay Mobarok to create nanoparticles that could lead to printable or spray-on solar cells. Image Credit: University of Alberta

UAlberta researcher Jillian Buriak (center) worked with post-doctoral fellows Erik Luber (right) and Hosnay Mobarok to create nanoparticles that could lead to printable or spray-on solar cells.
Image Credit: University of Alberta

The press release from the University of Alberta has more:

Researcher Jillian Buriak, a chemistry professor and senior research officer of the National Institute for Nanotechnology based on the U of A campus, and her team have designed nanoparticles that absorb light and conduct electricity from two very common elements: phosphorus and zinc. Both materials are more plentiful than scarce materials such as cadmium and are free from manufacturing restrictions imposed on lead-based nanoparticles.

Buriak collaborated with U of A post-doctoral fellows Erik Luber of the U of A Faculty of Engineering and Hosnay Mobarok of the Faculty of Science to create the nanoparticles. The team was able to develop a synthetic method to make zinc phosphide nanoparticles, and demonstrated that the particles can be dissolved to form an ink and processed to make thin films that are responsive to light.

The researchers are currently experimenting with the nanoparticles — including spray-coating them onto large solar cells as a means of testing their efficiency.

Buriak explains why she thinks that the research is so important: “Half the world already lives off the grid, and with demand for electrical power expected to double by the year 2050, it is important that renewable energy sources like solar power are made more affordable by lowering the costs of manufacturing. Nanoparticle-based ‘inks’ could be used to literally paint or print solar cells or precise compositions.”

The researchers have applied for a provisional patent and have already secured the funding necessary to scale the technology up.

Check out our new 93-page EV report, based on over 2,000 surveys collected from EV drivers in 49 of 50 US states, 26 European countries, and 9 Canadian provinces.

Tags: , , , , , ,

About the Author

's background is predominantly in geopolitics and history, but he has an obsessive interest in pretty much everything. After an early life spent in the Imperial Free City of Dortmund, James followed the river Ruhr to Cofbuokheim, where he attended the University of Astnide. And where he also briefly considered entering the coal mining business. He currently writes for a living, on a broad variety of subjects, ranging from science, to politics, to military history, to renewable energy. You can follow his work on Google+.

  • Matt

    Wait the head line is missing a word. “might” “may” “could” and then a another line. After a lot more R&D research and development.

  • Fullmetal

    yawn. Been promising this for the last 10 years. Nanosolar was supposed to be that company to bring it to market, but they didnt deliver for whatever reason. Big bulky Silicon will be the king of solar. It keeps getting cheaper. All other tech will only fill niche markets.

    • Bob_Wallace

      NanaSolar was a name. They didn’t make it in the thin-film business but First Solar, a thin-film manufacturer is a big time player.

      To predict that no new technology will emerge that is better/cheaper than current technology requires a very high quality crystal ball. Or a desire to wear egg on ones face.

      • agelbert

        And, with the price of a barrel of crude oil now in the midst of another totally fraudulent, engineered price shock (As of right now it’s over $110 a barrel and some say it could go to $130 a barrel), this technology, like all renewable energy, becomes overwhelmingly cost effective and appealing to the average consumer of energy.

        “The possibility of a short-term Nato-led military strike on Syria has intensified concerns over security of oil supply and could cause a spike in range of $120-$130 per barrel, according to a report released by BofA Merrill Lynch.”

        I am happy that big oil war profiteers are shooting themselves in the foot with these price hikes!
        Renewable energy will receive an enormous boost from big oil’s uncontrollable predatory greed. Good!

      • BuckJohnson

        I know, don’t worry when nanomaterial spray on or not is used for energy accumulation, it will be a good day.

    • JamesWimberley

      The mote of truth in your comment is that this is another laboratory finding. The post title is wrong to suggest that this will lower production costs. It may, or it may be beaten by one of the many other competing innovations, or plain vanilla silicon will beat them all. Would you bet the farm on option 3?

Back to Top ↑