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Farmer- And Family-owned Wind Rises In Iowa

community wind power turbine

Photo Credit: Flickr user cwwycoff1

Iowa ranks third in installed wind power capacity in the US. It’s 5,500 megawatts are behind only Texas and California (and it has much more wind power per capita). But, like many windy places, the turbines sprouting from the Iowa prairie are often owned by multinational corporations, taking advantage of the local resource and sending the electricity revenue out of state.

Iowa farmer Randy Caviness saw an opportunity to keep the value of Iowa wind local and he’s helped to develop eight utility-scale wind turbines with community ownership, providing clean, local, and locally owned power to municipal and rural electric utilities in southwestern Iowa.

Listen to a conversation with Randy in ILSR’s Local Energy Rules podcast: Play in new window | Download | Embed

The idea began back in 2007, when Randy had an idea to build two wind turbines for the rural electric cooperative serving nearby farming communities. With grants from the USDA rural development program, Iowa production tax credits, and the federal section 1603 cash grant incentive from the 2009 Recovery Act, the two turbines were built in 2010. With the federal incentive slated to sunset in 2011, Randy and his fellow Green Energy Farmers made plans to erect six more turbines, financed by 180 local investors.

Shares in local wind projects were sold to friends and neighbors in the community. Most of the investors live within 30 miles of the turbines they own, and the dividends, tax credits, and economic benefits remain in the community. The legal work was complicated, but not insurmountable. The state tax credits were capped at 2.5 megawatts, so each of the wind turbines are financed and owned by separate LLCs. Randy, along with local banks, was instrumental in setting up the financing schematics for all eight turbines. Community support for the projects was and is strong, and the local utilities have appreciated the source of clean, local, low-cost power. Unfortunately, the expiration of the federal cash grant means there are limited opportunities to replicate the project, but the work of Randy and Green Energy Farmers stands testament to the power of collective ownership of clean energy.

This is the 4th edition of Local Energy Rules, an ILSR podcast that is published twice monthly, on 1st and 3rd Thursdays. In this podcast series, ILSR Senior Researcher John Farrell talks with people putting together great community renewable energy projects and examining how energy policies help or hurt the development of clean, local power.  

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Written By

John directs the Democratic Energy program at ILSR and he focuses on energy policy developments that best expand the benefits of local ownership and dispersed generation of renewable energy. His seminal paper, Democratizing the Electricity System, describes how to blast the roadblocks to distributed renewable energy generation, and how such small-scale renewable energy projects are the key to the biggest strides in renewable energy development.   Farrell also authored the landmark report Energy Self-Reliant States, which serves as the definitive energy atlas for the United States, detailing the state-by-state renewable electricity generation potential. Farrell regularly provides discussion and analysis of distributed renewable energy policy on his blog, Energy Self-Reliant States (, and articles are regularly syndicated on Grist and Renewable Energy World.   John Farrell can also be found on Twitter @johnffarrell, or at


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