Clean Power

Published on January 6th, 2012 | by John Farrell


Gainesville, Florida, Becomes a World Leader in Solar

January 6th, 2012 by  

This post originally appeared on Energy Self-Reliant States, a resource of the Institute for Local Self-Reliance’s New Rules Project.

You don’t have to be big to go big on solar power.  That’s the lesson from the Gainesville Regional Utilities, the electric utility whose feed-in tariff solar policy has brought over 7 megawatts (MW) of solar to the city’s 125,000 residents.  The raw number isn’t much, but it puts Gainesville among the world leaders in solar installed per capita, beating out Japan, France, and China (and besting California, with 32 kilowatts -kW- per 1000 residents).

The basic premise behind the feed-in tariff program is that anyone who wants to be a solar power generator can connect to the grid and get a 20-year contract for their power from the municipal utility. 

The long-term contract makes getting financing for solar projects easier and the prices are attractive. The utility pays 24 cents per kilowatt-hour generated for large-scale ground-mounted systems and up to 32 cents for small, rooftop systems.

The price differentiation helps accommodate solar arrays of various sizes, from residential to larger commercial installations, spreading the economic opportunity.  The differentiation may also help small-scale residential projects that can’t use federal tax incentives for businesses (depreciation).

Thus far, approximately one-third of the city’s 7.3 MW of solar power is in relatively small systems, 100 kW and smaller.  About half the installed capacity is in projects 500 kW and larger.

The solar feed-in tariff program also brings value to the local community and electricity system.  A report released earlier this year found that the grid benefits and social benefits of solar power far outweigh the typical valuation of solar power by utilities.  These benefits include reduced stress on the utility distribution system and reduced transmission losses.

The feed-in tariff program also means local economic development.  With a rule of thumb of 8 jobs per MW, according to a University of California, Berkeley, study of the jobs created from renewable energy development, Gainesville has already generated 56 jobs.  The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has estimated that each megawatt of solar adds $240,000 to the local economy, and if Gainesville’s solar projects are locally owned, the value could be much higher.

More than anything, Gainesville provides an important lesson in local energy self-reliance.  While many communities must await action by a state legislature or investor-owned utility, the municipal utility has the authority to act quickly in support of the community.  And when the utility is locally controlled, it can mean big things for local solar power.

For more information on feed-in tariffs and their success in supporting solar power, see CLEAN v. SREC: Finding the More Cost-Effective Solar Policy.

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About the Author

directs the Democratic Energy program at ILSR and he focuses on energy policy developments that best expand the benefits of local ownership and dispersed generation of renewable energy. His seminal paper, Democratizing the Electricity System, describes how to blast the roadblocks to distributed renewable energy generation, and how such small-scale renewable energy projects are the key to the biggest strides in renewable energy development.   Farrell also authored the landmark report Energy Self-Reliant States, which serves as the definitive energy atlas for the United States, detailing the state-by-state renewable electricity generation potential. Farrell regularly provides discussion and analysis of distributed renewable energy policy on his blog, Energy Self-Reliant States (, and articles are regularly syndicated on Grist and Renewable Energy World.   John Farrell can also be found on Twitter @johnffarrell, or at

  • Kyle William Loshure

    Having spoken to the close leaders in Solar Energy in Florida close to me I do not at all see them as a Independent Utility system. Its a stand alone or grid tied system with a battery backup but seem Incompetent when it comes to loads and self reliant systems.
    This is where I start. My corporation Solar Systems Inc. as written about how I accomplish this is spelled out in Solar Independent Utility Systems Manual.
    I Focus on a Independent Utility System that the heating cooling Fridge running water lights tv radio computers never ever fail by redundancy and properly sized systems with highest efficiency being key. When mentioning efficiency and utilizing the environment more effectively they completely lose interest not to forget they continue to utilize dangerous air conditioning methods as well as refrigeration. They won’t even try to utilize the endless geo temperature harvesting.
    I’m local now and I’ve learned there weaknesses. You will be seeing me around I promise!

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  • Mcarter43

    It amounts to one tenth of one percent of GRU’s total output.

  • Ross

    That 36kW per 1,000 people figure appears to be based on a population of 200,000 not 125,000.

  • Mr.Farrell, great re-post. This is the positive content that continues to speak volumes to the importance of utilizing clean fuel technology to fulfill our national and global consumption demand.

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