Note that this is part of a comprehensive wind power resource page we are in the process of creating.
If you haven’t gotten the picture by now, wind power has been blowing up in recent years and it is expected to continue on that trend for several years to come, at least. Here’s a look at some projections for world wind power, China wind power, India wind power, U.S. wind power, and Europe wind power growth in the coming decades.
“The wind power market value is expected to grow from €66.8 billion [$96.4 billion] in 2011 to €111.7 billion [$161.2 billion] in 2015,” according to International Wind Energy Development – World Update 2010, Wind Today reports. By the end of 2011, wind power is projected to supply the world with 1.92% of its electricity. By 2020, wind power is expected to produce 9.1% of the world’s electricity demand. “Looking forward, the report projects an average global growth rate of 15.5% per year for new annual installations through 2015, resulting in expected total global capacity of 513.6 GW by 2015.” (Note that 1,000 MW = 1 GW.)
Of course, the further out we go, the harder things are to predict. Nonetheless, taking a shot at it, the report projected an average annual growth rate of approximately 11.5% from 2016 – 2020, which would bring world capacity close to 1,000 GW by 2020.
The Global Wind Energy Council and Greenpeace International predict essentially the same amount by 2020 and 2,300 GW of capacity by 2030.
“In 2010 the 600,000 workers of the wind industry put up a new wind turbine every 30 minutes – one in three of those turbines was erected in China (2),” said Sven Teske, Senior Energy Expert from Greenpeace International. “By 2030, the market could be three times bigger than today, leading to a €202 bn investment. A new turbine every seven minutes – that’s our goal.”
Where is growth expected to be the strongest? You guessed it, in China/Asia.
Up until recently, China had national wind power capacity targets of 90 GW by 2015 and 200 GW by 2020. With the recent release of its 12th 5-year plan, it increased its minimum target to 112 GW by 2015 (225% more than the 2015 goal it set in 2010). It is focusing its investments around several “Wind Power Bases.” In total, 138 GW of new wind power capacity are planned on these bases by 2020 (see chart below, and remember that 1,000 MW = 1 GW).
Global Wind Energy Outlook 2010 reports that China could create up to 230 GW of wind power capacity by 2030. Given the rate it’s been installing it up to now and what it has in the works, I don’t think anyone would be surprised.
India had ~13 GW of wind power capacity installed at the end of 2010. Depending on which policies are implemented, a report by the Global Wind Energy Council found that the country could increase to 24 GW, to 46 GW, or to as much as 65 GW by 2020. In the first scenario, with the weakest policies, it is projected that capacity would increase to 30.5 GW by 2030. In the second scenario, the projection is that the country would hit 108 GW by 2030. And in the third scenario, it could hit 165 GW by 2030.
“According to the World Institute of Sustainable Energy India’s onshore wind energy resources are between 65 to 100 GW,” Mridul reported here on CleanTechnica last week. This is much more than the 49 GW initially determined by the Indian government based on previous wind power technologies. Studies are underway on the country’s total offshore wind energy resources.
For much more on wind power and its potential in India, check out GWEC’s India Wind Energy Outlook 2011.
The United States has 10,400 GW of onshore wind energy potential and another 4,150 GW of offshore wind energy potential according to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. As of 1Q 2011, it had 5.6 GW of wind power capacity under construction and 2011 is looking to be a good year for the industry (sorry, no numbers on how good yet).
The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has produced a detailed report of wind energy, it’s costs and benefits, and how the U.S. could get 20% of its electricity from wind by 2030. The report, Wind Powering America, projects that under such a scenario, the U.S. could install between 100 and 187 GW of wind power capacity by 2020 and 305 GW by 2030. This is not a projection, the authors note, and no one can be certain enough about what the U.S. future will be given the political situation in the U.S. regarding energy. Even with two years of a Democratic President and Congress, long-term support and security for alternative energy like wind could not be “installed” — who knows how much support the country’s political leaders will give wind in the coming years. But, apparently, we are on track to meeting this 20% by 2030 target.
“We remain on track to produce 20% of America’s electricity by 2030 with wind, as laid out by the Department of Energy during the Bush administration,” Elizabeth Salerno, AWEA’s chief economist, said this month.
With strong climate change and renewable energy policies, Europe has been the first off the starting blocks when it comes to wind energy, it renewable energy source of choice so far. The European Wind Energy Council (EWEA) projects th EU will reach 230 GW of wind power capacity by 2020 under its baseline scenario, thus producing about 582 TWh of electricity or 14.2% of total EU consumption. In the best case scenario, EWEA projects “265 GW by 2020, producing 681 TWh of electricity and meeting 16.7% of the EU’s electricity demand by 2020.”
EWEA predicts that wind could meet 28.5% of Europe’s electricity demand by 2030 and 50% by 2050. Right now, there is no binding 2030 renewable energy commitment in Europe, but there is a strong push to create one soon.
Photo Credit: Blue Square Thing