Connect with us

Hi, what are you looking for?


Clean Power

Solar Power Roads: Harvesting Energy from America’s Fields of Asphalt

rhode island researchers devise four plans for harvesting solar energy from highwaysThousands of miles of highways stretch across the U.S., and every day they soak up heat from the sun, sometimes to the tune of 140 degrees and more. Harnessing the solar energy in highways would go a long way toward helping to replace oil and other fossil fuels with a far safer and more secure source of power, and now researchers at the University of Rhode Island have come up with four potential avenues of approach.

Solar Power from Jersey Barriers

Jersey Barriers are those unattractive but effective modular walls that are often used to separate opposite lanes on narrow roads. According to the Rhode Island researchers, existing technology could be used to fix flexible photovoltaic cells along the tops of the barriers, and also on the narrow stretch of road alongside them. The energy could be used to power street lights and road signs.

Solar Powered Roads and Melting Ice

Existing technology could also be used to install water pipes under the roadway. The heated water could be used to melt ice on bridges, which are often frozen even when the surrounding roads are not. This would reduce the need for salt but would also reduce carbon emissions related to hauling and spreading salt by truck. Nearby buildings or small power plants could also use the water-sourced heat.

High-Tech Approaches to Harvesting Solar Energy from Highways

One alternative being explored is the use of the thermoelectric effect, which occurs when hot and cold spots are linked by semiconductors. The effect could be induced in highways by planting semiconductors at different depths. Another would be to replace asphalt with self-contained, durable modules that include photovoltaic cells and other equipment to generate electricity and provide illumination. Both of these alternatives are far in the future, partly because the technology is not developed, or the cost is currently prohibitive.

A Better Road to…Better Roads

In addition to harvesting energy from roads, the conventional asphalt road is also in need of a sustainable makeover to reduce the use of crude oil and other petroleum products. One emerging alternative could be a sand-and-bacteria mixture that produces a hard surface. In another experiment, pig manure is being used to make bio-crude, which can be used as a low grade binder for road materials.

Image: Highway by Wolfgang Staudt on

Appreciate CleanTechnica’s originality and cleantech news coverage? Consider becoming a CleanTechnica Member, Supporter, Technician, or Ambassador — or a patron on Patreon.

Don't want to miss a cleantech story? Sign up for daily news updates from CleanTechnica on email. Or follow us on Google News!

Have a tip for CleanTechnica, want to advertise, or want to suggest a guest for our CleanTech Talk podcast? Contact us here.
Written By

Tina specializes in military and corporate sustainability, advanced technology, emerging materials, biofuels, and water and wastewater issues. Views expressed are her own. Follow her on Twitter @TinaMCasey and Google+.


You May Also Like

Clean Power

Both the Biden administration and Congress recognize the importance of investing big in a clean and globally competitive industrial manufacturing base. A cornerstone of...

Clean Power

America's national parks are front and center in wildlife conservation and renewable energy, too.


Batteries are the secret ingredient in the new series Running Wild: The Challenge, and they also feature front and center in the US Army's...

Clean Power

Floating solar arrays dovetail with Defense Department's nature conservation strategies as climate change, land encroachment threaten military facilities.

Copyright © 2021 CleanTechnica. The content produced by this site is for entertainment purposes only. Opinions and comments published on this site may not be sanctioned by and do not necessarily represent the views of CleanTechnica, its owners, sponsors, affiliates, or subsidiaries.