Key Innovator: Adaptive Buildings Initiative
How It Works: Sensors within a building monitor both the internal requirements and the external weather conditions and modify heating, lighting and other functions. Renewable energy sources such as solar panels and rain harvesting fulfil localised resource requirements.
Progress To Date: The City of Justice in Madrid, Spain, (concept pictured above) is the largest collection of law courts in Europe and is being built as a self regulating building. Construction is due to complete by 2011. Other buildings are also in the pipeline.