Connect with us

Hi, what are you looking for?


Air Quality

Stretchable Salt Could Unlock Secrets of Smog

A tiny block of salt exhibits stretchable properties observed with an interfacial force microscope.

It’s “not supposed to do that,” but it is: salt has revealed a previously undiscovered talent for stretching.  The startling revelation was made by researchers from Sandia National Laboratories and the University of Pittsburgh, using a powerful Interfacial Force Microscope.  The discovery of stretchable properties in salt could lead to the development of more efficient desalination technology, and it could also provide more insight into the potential for alternative fuels to contribute to smog formation.

Salt and Smog

When ocean water evaporates it forms microscopic airborne particles of salt, or aerosols.  Salt is sodium chloride, which can interact with other airborne pollutants to form chemicals such as sodium sulfate and sodium nitrate.  For example, pollutants blowing over the Pacific Ocean pick up salt-laden air, contributing to the notorious Los Angeles smog.  Sea salt aerosols also act as an asthma trigger and may contribute to ozone destruction.

Stretchable Salt and The Interfacial Force Microscope

The discovery of stretchable salt was made possible by a device called an Interfacial Force Microscope, developed by Sandia National Laboratories.  The device is used to develop and test microelectromechanical systems.  It is capable of measuring the mechanical and adhesive properties of a single layer of organic molecules, using a force feedback sensor that remains rigid and stable.  While using an interfacial force microscope to examine a tiny block of sea salt, the researchers observed that the supposedly brittle substance clung to the nanometer-sized tip of the microscope.  It created a bubble-like formation, behaving much like the surface of water (place a few drops of water on a flat surface and touch it with your fingertip to observe a similar effect).  As the tip was withdrawn, the bubble elongated to form a shape resembling nanowires.

A Better Understanding of Smog

As the world searches for alternative fuel sources, the mixed record of ethanol and other biofuels as truly sustainable fuels clearly indicates the need for a better understanding of the interaction between airborne particles found in nature and those contributed by human activity.  Along with new observational tools such as a satellite-based pollution radar, the discovery of the stretchable properties of salt could lead to a more sustainable approach to the development and use of combustible alternative fuels.

Desalination and Stretchable Salt

The researchers also note that the discovery could lead to improvements in cutting edge desalination technology, which strains salty water through nanotube membranes such as those developed by the Lawarence Livermore National Laboratory in California.

Image: Courtesy of Sandia National Laboratories.


Appreciate CleanTechnica’s originality? Consider becoming a CleanTechnica Member, Supporter, Technician, or Ambassador — or a patron on Patreon.
Have a tip for CleanTechnica, want to advertise, or want to suggest a guest for our CleanTech Talk podcast? Contact us here.

Written By

Tina specializes in military and corporate sustainability, advanced technology, emerging materials, biofuels, and water and wastewater issues. Views expressed are her own. Follow her on Twitter @TinaMCasey and Google+.


You May Also Like

Clean Power

A new, easy-to-install desalination system runs on wave energy with an assist from on-board solar panels

Clean Power

The Solar Desalinization Skylight brings light and clean drinking water to those who need it most.

Clean Power

Molten Salts Can Melt Down the Price of Concentrating Solar Power-Plus-Storage Concentrating solar power (CSP) has long held promise as a renewable energy technology....

Clean Power

Researchers Seek To Lower Cost of Heliostats 50% and Jump-Start Manufacturing in the United States

Copyright © 2021 CleanTechnica. The content produced by this site is for entertainment purposes only. Opinions and comments published on this site may not be sanctioned by and do not necessarily represent the views of CleanTechnica, its owners, sponsors, affiliates, or subsidiaries.