Electric Cars For Sale In 2016
Are electric cars your thing? Good, this is a page packed full of electric car facts, including electric cars for sale in 2016 in the US and their prices. Electric car answers for any question you have should be on this page. If not, drop us a note so that we can add them. If you have some important electric car answers to common questions or interesting facts to add, also drop a note in the comments below! This page will be continually updated.
For information on electric cars available in Europe, check out this more comprehensive commercially available electric car list.
Basic Electric Car Answers
- Electric vehicles (EVs) run on electricity.
- Some EVs run 100% on electricity, while others (hybrid electric vehicles) run partly on electricity and partly on some other fuel (e.g., gas or diesel). Vehicles that can at times run solely on electricity, and can be plugged in to charge their batteries, are called plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs).
- 100% electric vehicles and PHEVs are clearly much better for the environment (and, thus, humans) than their gasoline-powered and diesel-powered cousins. Their fuel (electricity) is also typically much cheaper.
Currently Available Electric Cars
The following are electric cars that are for sale today in the US or are supposed to be for sale at some point in 2016.
The first prices listed are base prices before the federal tax credit, and in parenthesis are prices after the federal tax credit (normally $7,500, but often less than that if the cars aren’t 100% electric cars). Other tax credits and rebates potentially available in your city or state (such as the $2,500 California EV rebate or $5,000 Georgia EV tax credit) are not included.
Links on the car names are mostly to our story archives for these cars. Links on the prices are to the car companies’ pages for the cars.
Range and MPGe/MPG data come from the EPA.
Check these electric cars out and go test drive some this weekend!
|Combined Fuel Economy||# of Seats|
|Range on Electricity||Type of EV|
|Price (& Price after US Federal Tax Credit)||0-60 time|
|50 miles (80 km)||100% electric|
|I’m seeing $12,490 (on eBay)||Top speed = 50 mph (80 km/h)|
The Renault Twizy is a cute and fun little two-seater that comes in at a super affordable price. With just two seats, it’s clearly not a “family car,” but it is a ton of fun to drive and very adequate for most driving needs. Despite (or because of) its small size, the Twizy was the 10th-best-selling electric car in Europe and 15th-best-selling electric car in the world in 2013. It’s really a blast to drive. I’d recommend it. Read my full Twizy review here.
|112 MPGe||4 seats|
|62 miles (100 km)||100% electric|
|$22,995 ($15,495)||13.5 seconds|
The Mitsubishi i (aka Mitsubishi i-MiEV) is one of the most basic electric cars on the market, but also one of the cheapest. As noted below, the Citröen C-Zero, Peugeot iOn, and Mitsubishi i all have essentially the same design but serve different markets.
Smart Electric Drive
|107 MPGe||2 seats|
|68 miles (109 km)||100% electric|
|$25,000, or $19,990 + $80/month battery rental ($17,500, or $12,490 + $80/month)||9.8 seconds|
The smart electric drive could be the cheapest electric car on the US market… if you don’t own or lease it for very long. However, due to an $80/month battery rental, the price rises to about the same as a 2014 Mitsubishi i within 3 years (note that the Mitsubishi i seats 4, while the smart electric drive seats two). Within about 6 years, the smart electric drive is about the same price as a 5-seat and much more plush Nissan Leaf. In my personal opinion, the smart electric drive is a hard sell — unless you really want a tiny car or only want it for 2 to 3 years. Read my review of the smart electric drive here or the review of an owner who sold his Camaro for the smart electric drive here.
Chevy Spark EV
|119 MPGe||4 seats|
|82 miles (132 km)||100% electric|
|$25,995 ($18,495)||7.2 seconds|
The Chevy Spark EV is a low-priced 100%-electric car that has gotten good reviews (compared to its gasoline cousin, that is) but is only available in a few markets. The Chevy Spark EV was the first car on the market that could use the SAE Combo Fast Charging system.
|116 MPGe||5 seats|
|83 miles (134 km)||100% electric|
|$28,995 ($21,495)||10.4 seconds|
The Volkswagen e-Golf is VW’s second electric car, following close behind the VW e-Up! (yes, the exclamation mark is part of the name). Clearly, the e-Golf is an electric version of VW’s extremely popular Golf model. The e-Golf is one of the closest competitors to the world-leading Nissan LEAF, so it could potentially see very big sales numbers. However, Volkswagen doesn’t sell it widely, so sales are much lower. Read our VW e-Golf review here.
|114 MPGe||5 seats|
|84 miles (135 km)||100% electric|
|$29,010 ($21,510)||10.2 seconds|
The Nissan Leaf is seemingly the most competitive electric car on the market. It is the world’s best-selling electric car… by far. After test driving several EVs myself, I have to say that it would be hard to beat the Nissan Leaf for the money… unless you have enough money to dump on a higher-end EV, like the Tesla Model S or BMW i3. Though, I have heard several people say they prefer the Volkswagen e-Golf (which I’m yet to drive). Read my full Nissan Leaf review here. You can also read numerous articles from our long-term review of the LEAF.
Ford Focus Electric
|105 MPGe||5 seats|
|76 miles (122 km)||100% electric|
|$29,170 ($21,670)||10.1 seconds|
The Ford Focus Electric is Ford’s only 100%-electric car was overpriced for a long time and simply unable to compete with competitors like the Nissan Leaf. But Ford finally knocked the price down by several thousand dollars and it is quite competitive with the LEAF. Unfortunately, Ford has hardly advertised the Focus Electric in its several years on the market, and I don’t think it’s widely available. Needless to say, it still isn’t selling nearly as well as the Leaf.
|115 MPGe||4 seats|
|87 miles (140 km)||100% electric|
|$31,800 ($24,300)||8.7 seconds|
The Fiat 500e has gotten great reviews. However, the head of Fiat apparently hates electric cars (I know, crazy) and is only producing the 500e in extremely limited quantities for a couple of states (basically, because it has to in order to sell cars in California). Hopefully the cute electric car will someday soon be available to a broader market. With its relatively low price, good reviews, and cool styling, it could give some of the top-selling electric cars on the market a run for their market.
Kia Soul EV
|105 MPGe||5 seats|
|93 miles (150 km)||100% electric|
|$31,950 ($24,450)||11.8 seconds|
The Kia Soul EV is a snazzy electric vehicle with a bit more space on the inside than the average car, and a clear youngster appeal. The Kia Soul EV has sold okay in the markets where it’s available, but it isn’t broadly available, and its overall sales in the US are pretty sad. You can check out our review of the Kia Soul EV here.
|106 MPGe (battery); 43 MPG (gas)||5 seats|
|50 miles (80 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$33,220 ($25,720)||8.4 seconds|
The Chevy Volt is one of the most widely acclaimed electric cars on the market. It is the top-selling electric car in the US to date. In 2013, it was the 2nd-best-selling electric car in the world. Volt owners are known as Voltheads and were “the happiest drivers” in the US for two years running… before the Tesla Model S arrived (as per Consumer Reports owner satisfaction surveys). The 2nd-generation Chevy Volt improves in numerous ways on the 1st-generation award-winner. Check out our two reviews of the new Volt here and here.
Ford Fusion Energi
|100 MPGe||5 seats|
|21 miles (34 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$31,120 ($27,113)||7.9 seconds|
Quite similar to the Ford C-Max Energi but with a few more bells & whistles, the Ford Fusion Energi has done quite well since its introduction in February 2013. The Ford Fusion Energi certainly offers some competition to the Chevy Volt, the Toyota Prius Plug-in, and its sister, the C-Max Energi. Importantly, for some people, it is larger than all three of these competitors. It has a bit less electric range than the Volt, but it has enough seats for five passengers. (It has much more electric range than the Prius, and the same as the C-Max Energi — both of which seat 5.) And it is quite the looker.
Ford C-Max Energi
|100 MPGe on battery; 43 MPG on gas||5 seats|
|21 miles (34 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$31,770 ($28,010)||8.5 seconds|
The other car in Ford’s Energi (plug-in hybrid electric vehicle) lineup, the Ford C-Max Energi, has quite good specs for someone who doesn’t drive very far on most days but wants to take very long trips fairly regularly. It’s also good for 3-kid families, as it seats up to 5 people. Despite seating 5, it is cheaper than the Chevy Volt… until you factor in the federal tax credit. The C-Max Energi is also the most efficient plug-in hybrid electric car on the market. As a result of all of this, the car has sold quite well. Despite only being available in the US, the C-Max Energi was the 8th-best-selling electric car in the world in 2013.
Toyota Prius Plug-in
|95 MPGe on battery; 50 MPG on gas||5 seats|
|11 miles (18 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$29,990 ($27,490)||10.2 seconds|
The Toyota Prius Plug-in was either the 2nd- or 3rd-best-selling electric car worldwide in 2013. Unfortunately, its electric range is just 11 miles, then the gas engine kicks in. The Prius PHEV was most likely aided by the strong, high-selling Prius brand. It mainly competes with the Chevy Volt, Ford C-Max Energi, and Ford Fusion Energi, but it has more seats than the Volt and is almost $10,000 cheaper than the Fusion Energi. So, its closest competitor is probably the Ford C-Max Energi. This seems to be a good place in the EV spectrum, as both cars have been doing quite well. Of course, the C-Max Energi has 10 more miles of electric range, almost double the Prius PHEV’s 11 miles. Either due to the increasing competition, people simply deciding they want more electric range, or Toyota cutting supply, sales of the Prius Plug-in fell off a lot toward the end of 2014… and they’ve never recovered.
Audi A3 e-Tron
|86 MPGe on battery; 39 MPG on gas||5 seats|
|17 miles (27 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$29,990 ($27,490)||7.5 seconds|
The Audi A3 e-Tron is another plug-in hybrid electric car with a bit of a sporty offering. The electric-only range is not spectacular, but is at least better than the Toyota Prius Plug-in! It can go from 0 to 60 mph in a respectable 7.5 seconds. It has also landed a difficult 5 stars in Europe’s safety ratings. The A3 e-tron has a tough time competing with the Chevy Volt and Ford Energi models on value for the money, but some clearly prefer the e-Tron’s looks and the Audi brand. As expected, the A3 e-tron is not widely available, which provides it with the “compliance car” label. You can read my review of the A3 e-tron here.
Hyundai Sonata Plug-In Hybrid
|99 MPGe on battery; 40 MPG on gas||5 seats|
|27 miles (43 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$34,600 ($29,681)||9–9.5 seconds|
The Hyundai Sonata Plug-In Hybrid is a fairly large and luxurious plug-in hybrids with moderate electric range. Clearly, it’s a bit higher in price than competing Ford Energi models and the Chevy Volt, but it’s a bit lower in price than the Mercedes B250e and BMW i3. You can see our full review of the new-in-2016 Hyundai Sonata Plug-In Hybrid here.
Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric
|84 MPGe||5 seats|
|84 miles (135 km)||100% electric|
|$41,450 ($33,950)||7.9 seconds|
The Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric (now called the B250e) is an extremely close competitor to the BMW i3, and is a first-offering from Mercedes in this department. It has a Tesla drivetrain at its core, and reviewers have been split between it and the BMW i3, with some preferring the i3 and some preferring the B-Class Electric. One of our top EV reporters has the B-Class Electric and reviewed it after 1 month and after 1 year.
|124 MPGe||4 seats|
|81 miles (130 km)||100% electric or REx|
|$42,400 ($34,900)||7.1 seconds|
The BMW i3 is BMW’s first 100%-electric car built electric from the ground up. It is part of BMW’s “born electric” i series. It’s price puts it somewhat in the middle of the Nissan Leaf and the Tesla Model S. Despite looking a bit bulky, the BMW i3 is the lightest electric car on the market, thanks to its carbon fiber body. It’s a smooth & sweet drive. Compared to BMW’s overall sales, the i3 is selling very well, making it clear that BMW is one of the auto-manufacturing pioneers in the electric vehicle space. Read my first BMW i3 review here, and/or my second review & comparison with the LEAF & Volt here, and/or my comparison with the Tesla Model S here.
|72 MPGe (battery) & 31 MPG (gas)||5 seats|
|14 miles (23 km)||Plug-In Hybrid|
|$43,700 ($34,900)||5.9 seconds|
The BMW 330e is another fairly expensive offering from BMW. This one, though, is a plug-in hybrid rather than a fully electric car. It has exciting acceleration at 5.9 seconds to 60 mph, and the luxury and handling you’d expect from a typical BMW of this price. We are yet to get behind the wheel of a 330e. Stay tuned for a review once we do.
|82 MPGe (battery) & 31 MPG (gas)||4 seats|
|37 miles (60 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$65,000 ($57,500)||7.8 seconds|
The Cadillac ELR is a high-end, luxury, plug-in hybrid electric car that hit the market at the very end of 2013. In many respects, it is essentially a more luxurious and higher-performance Chevy Volt. It is pretty. Though, its high price was hard to justify compared to other options on the table, so you can now find the car for a price much below its MSRP… as in, cuts of nearly $30,000. You can read my review of the ELR here, and my comparison of the ELR, Model S 70D, Model S P85D, BMW i8, BMW i3, and Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid here.
BMW X5 xDrive 40e (aka BMW X5 iPerformance)
|56 MPGe (battery) & 24 MPG (gas)||5 seats|
|14 miles (23 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$63,095 ($58,427)||6.5 seconds|
The BMW X5 xDrive 40e is one of the first plug-in SUVs to hit the US market, arriving in early 2016. For an SUV, its 0–60 time of 6.5 seconds is petty awesome. Surely, the X5 also offers luxury and high-tech features that help pull in $55,000–75,000 for the vehicle. It X5 iPerformance also learns your driving habits and teaches you how to drive more efficiently. It can avoid crashes that some drivers would fail to escape from. However, it’s no Model X… which makes it a really tough buy for someone looking in the luxury, high-performance, high-priced SUV category. I haven’t gotten in an X5 iPerformance yet, but I can say with confidence I’d choose a Model X over it. However, even after the tax credits, the Model X is nearly $20,000 more, so I guess that depends on one’s price sensitivity to some degree. (Just note that you can save a lot of money on fuel with the Model X.)
Volvo XC90 T8
|53 MPGe (battery) & 25 MPG (gas)||5–7 seats|
|14 miles (23 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$68,100 ($63,515)||5.9 seconds|
The Volvo XC90 T8 is yet another plug-in hybrid electric SUV that hit the US market in 2016. With a bit more seating space and a quicker 0–60 time, the XC90 T8 also costs a bit more than the BMW X5 iPerformance. It looks like a beautiful luxurious SUV on the inside and the outside, but yet again, if the money is available, I can’t see choosing this over a Tesla Model X. However, if Volvo wants to give me one for a week to test out, I can see if my opinion changes. 🙂
Tesla Model S
|89–103 MPGe||5–7 seats|
|234–294 miles (377–473 km)||100% awesome|
|$71,500 ($64,000)||2.8–5.5 seconds|
The Tesla Model S is widely regarded as not just the best electric car on the market, but the best car of any type on the mass market (see here, here, here, here, and here for just a few examples). So, for many people, if they can afford a $70,000–$140,000 car, the Model S is as good as it gets.
This car has flipped the electric car and overall auto world on its head in many respects. It is a top-selling luxury/performance car, and it was the 2nd- or 3rd-best-selling electric car worldwide in 2013, despite its high price tag. All the while, it was production-limited rather than demand-limited. You can read my initial review of the P85D here, and you can read my comparison of the 70D, P85D, BMW i8, BMW i3, Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, and Cadillac ELR here.
Tesla Model X
|89–93 MPGe||5–7 seats|
|237–257 miles (381–414 km)||100% awesome|
|$83,000 ($75,500)||3.8–6.0 seconds|
Tesla’s 3rd model is the ridiculously cool and highly desired Model X, a crossover/SUV with similar performance and specs as the Model S. As Elon Musk has said, the choice between the Model X and Model S is really just whether or not you want an SUV/crossover or a sedan. The Model X is special for combining excellent performance, great utility, and hot styling. Not many vehicles can do that. Its signature feature? Its falcon-wing doors. I honestly think this is the best passenger vehicle on the planet. You can read my review of the Model X here and Kyle Field’s review of the Model X here.
Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid
|47 MPGe||5 seats|
|14 miles (23 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$78,700 ($73,364)||5.4 seconds|
Following the successful Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid (see below), Porsche launched the Cayenne S E-Hybrid at the end of 2014. The Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid can go from 0 to 60 mph in just 5.4 seconds, and has a top speed of 151 mph. I think “wicked” is the word for that.
Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid
|50 MPGe||4 seats|
|22 miles (35 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$93,200 ($88,428)||5.2 seconds|
The Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid is a plug-in hybrid electric sports car that is everything you’d expect — awesome. It can go from 0 to 60 miles per hour in ~5 seconds. The Panamera S E-Hybrid now accounts for nearly 10% of all Panamera sales. It’s a ton of fun to drive, but still a bit hard to justify for the price with other high-performance EVs on the market. The place where it has them beat is in luxury. You can read my review of the Panamera S E-Hybrid here and my comparison of the Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, Tesla Model S 70D, Tesla Model S P85D, BMW i8, BMW i3, and Cadillac ELR here.
|58 MPGe (battery) & 26 MPG (gas)||5 seats|
|14 miles (35 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$95,650 ($91,607)||5.2 seconds|
Oh, what was that — the above prices weren’t high enough for you? Well, I’m yet to set foot in a Mercedes-Benz S550e, but I’m guessing it has a bit of luxury and snaz, because the price is way up there. Despite being a luxury sedan, it still has great acceleration, getting to 60 mph in 5.2 seconds. We haven’t yet reviewed this model, so I think Mercedes shuold drop one off at more doorstep sometime.
|76 MPGe||4 seats|
|15 miles (24 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$135,700 ($131,907)||4.4 seconds|
The BMW i8 is BMW’s second i-series car. It’s one of the most expensive cars on the market — actually, the most expensive on the mass market today. It comes with a ton of style and great acceleration (0 to 60 mph in 4.4 seconds only trails the Tesla Model S P85D’s 3.2 seconds amongst electric cars). It’s hard not to covet this beauty. While it has amazing power and is a lot of fun to drive, it is again hard to justify such a high price with other high-performance cars like the Model S much cheaper, but if you’re chasing style, this may well be top dog. You can read my review of the BMW i8 here and my comparison of the BMW i8, BMW i3, Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, Tesla Model S 70D, Tesla Model S P85D, and Cadillac ELR here.
For a bunch of videos on many of these EVs, check out: 28 Electrified Vehicles, 47 Electrified Vehicle Videos (Commercials, Reviews, Etc.)
Beyond the info above and below, the following posts may interest you:
- 10 Most Fuel Efficient Cars
- Top Electric Car States — Which Has The Highest Percentage Of Electric Cars?
- VW e-Up! Review
- Nissan Leaf vs BMW i3 vs VW e-Up! Review
- Chevy Volt vs Prius Plug-In vs Ford C-MAX Energi
- Chevy Volt Owner Switching To Ford Fusion Energi Rather Than BMW i3
- Chevy Volt Driver’s Savings After One Year (Getting 980 MPG!)
- Electric Vehicle Owners See Their Electric Bills Go Down
- Only 22% of Americans Familiar with Tesla Model S!
- Elon Musk Interviews & Quotes
- Co-Founder Of Tesla About Starting Tesla (VIDEO)
- Electric Cars Top Auto Sales In Norway 2 Months In A Row, 7 Reasons Why
- EV Battery Prices — The Disruptive Drop In Prices Will Continue (CleanTechnica Exclusive)
- “Insane” GHG Savings From Workplace EV Charging, According To NASA
- Electric Cars May Be 50% On Their Way To Market Domination
- Electric Cars = Totally Bloody Awesome To Drive
- 8 Electric Car Benefits
EV Battery Costs
The at-the-register price tag of EVs and PHEVs is higher than that of similarly sized and equipped gasoline-powered cars, mostly because batteries are expensive. How expensive? That’s hard to know, because car manufacturers generally won’t say what they are paying for their batteries, or what they expect to pay in 1 year, 2 years, 3 years, etc. Here are some of the best answers we’ve got for now regarding EV battery prices for specific models:
→ Tesla’s battery packs were estimated to cost $240/kWh in 2014, while the rest of the industry was projected to be no lower than $400/kWh (that seems dubious). But the latest figure from a Tesla representative pegs its battery pack cost at under $190/kWh. (Note that CEO and Chairman Elon Musk stated in February 2012 that the cost of EV batteries would drop below $200 per kWh in the “not-too-distant future.”)
→ GM has a contract with LG Chem to get battery cells for $145/kWh, which probably translates into a battery pack cost around $190/kWh as well.
Bloomberg New Energy Finance Battery Price Estimates
For some historical background, though, here’s some info from a 2012 BNEF report that found that the average price of batteries used in electric vehicles dropped 14% from Q1 2011 to Q1 2012, and 30% from 2009 to 2012 (I didn’t even realize/remember that I have been writing about EV battery prices for this long!):
“Electric vehicles such as the Mitsubishi Motor iMiEV, Nissan Leaf or Tesla Model S require between 16 and 85kWh of storage, with a total cost of $11,200 and $34,000, or around 25% of the total cost of the vehicle,” BNEF notes. “Battery pack prices for plug-in hybrid vehicles such as GM’s Volt are on average 67% higher in terms of $/kWh, than those for electric-only vehicles like Nissan’s Leaf. This higher price is mainly due to the greater power-to-energy performance required for plug-in hybrid vehicles.”
A more recent BNEF study found that EV battery prices fell 35% in 2015. It stated that prices fell 65% since 2010. But it estimated battery pack prices at $350/kWh, which is considerably higher than the Tesla/Panasonic & GM/LG Chem estimates.
US Department of Energy Aims & Estimates
For another broad view, here’s a statement from US Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, from back in January 2012, on battery costs (emphasis mine):
“Overall, the Department of Energy is partnering with industry to reduce the manufacturing cost of advanced batteries. While a typical battery for a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle with a 40-mile electric range cost $12,000 in 2008, we’re on track to demonstrate technology by 2015 that would reduce the cost to $3,600. And last year, we set a goal of demonstrating technology by 2020 that would further reduce the cost to $1,500 – an accomplishment that could help spur the mass-market adoption of electric vehicles.”
It’s 2016, and by almost all measures, EV battery prices have fallen faster than projected. The DOE at that time was targeting $300 per kWh in 2015 (the $3,600 packs) and $125 per kWh by 2022.
Battery Price Projections Consistently Too High
Lastly, a 2014 study found that EV battery prices were falling much faster than most forecasts anticipated. Here’s a chart from that report:
Looking at that chart, it seems that Tesla/Panasonic and GM/LG Chem battery costs are already (in 2016) down to the lowest projections for 2020. Will we achieve $100/kWh by 2020? We’ll be sure to let you know!
Overall, we have been seeing something I’ve presented about in Mumbai, India; Vancouver, Canada; Cocoa, Florida, USA; and Berlin, Germany: once a technology is ripe, it takes over the market quicker than anticipated and costs come down faster than most people anticipated. Check out these three presentations for more on that (if you haven’t already done so):
UCS Study on Environmental Benefits & Fuel Savings of EVs
The Union of Concerned Scientists in April 2012 completed what was then the most comprehensive study to date on the fuel and environmental costs (or, more appropriately, savings) of electric vehicles. It was updated in 2014 and again in 2015. Factoring in lifecycle emissions, electric cars still crush gasmobiles on environmental performance.
Clearly, as we move more and more to clean, renewable energy in the US, electric vehicles will only become greener and greener to drive.
Furthermore, electric vehicle purchases encourage people to go solar and to cut their overall energy use, factors which have not been adequately studied or quantified yet. If one were to install solar panels on their home, the “fuel” for their EV would be clean, renewable solar power (sunlight) that would make their EV much cleaner than in any state in the UCS study above.
Got more car answers to contribute? Or questions you’d like us to answer?